He proved many scientific truths by doing many experiments. These innovators and more made this revolution very important to everyone alive. During the Middle Ages, the Europeans believed that the earth was flat. They accepted the Catholic Church's views that the earth was the center of the universe, but others thought differently. According to church doctrine, God created the universe to serve people... ... middle of paper ... ... Talks about different scientists during the Scientific Revolution.
This was not necessarily a new suggestion, but Copernicus had the right tools available to give new proof that allowed for serious debate. His proof was loosely based on what we now know as retrograde motion which can be measured by observing the motion of other planetary bodies in relation to the earth. Later after Copernicus came Johannes Kepler and Galileo Galilei, who confirmed some of Copernicus’ observations. Kepler provided concise evidence of planetary motion regarding their path around the s... ... middle of paper ... ...eel towards the end of the eighteenth century. Artists felt more compelled to step outside of the structure that once held most forms of art to different standards.
With leaders such as Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, Francis Bacon, Isaac Newton, and Rene Descartes, the Scientific Revolution proves to be a crucial piece to the puzzle of understanding the effects of humansí interactions with the natural world. The changes produced during the Scientific Revolution were not rapid but developed slowly and in an experimental way. Although its effects were highly influential, the forerunners Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, Isaac Newton, Francis Bacon, and Rene Descartes only had a few hundred followers. Each pioneered unique ideas that challenged the current views of human beingsí relationship with nature. With the backing of empirical observation and mathematical proof, these ideas slowly gained acceptance.
Galileo’s great contribution to science was the telescope, however his greater contribution was the gift of awareness and knowledge. Before Galileo, it was generally accepted that the earth was the center of the universe. This was not based upon data or facts, but merely because the church said so. Prior to the seventeenth century, Europe was stuck in the med-evil era of church teachings. With Galileo’s telescope, however, he was able to show that the sun rather than the earth was the center of the universe.
Scientific Revolution, a period of new discoveries, the year of 17th to 19th century, was the result of Scientific Method. Scientific Method uses observation and experimentation to prove theories.The use of Scientific Method helped Europeans to remove the fallacies about science. The enhanced their critical thinking and observation skills to do experiments in physics, chemistry and biology. These experimentations built theories in science subjects that revolutionized the era.. There were beliefs like sun and all the other planets move around earth.
The scientific revolutionaries attempted to understand and explain man and the natural world. Thinkers such as Copernicus, Descartes, and Newton overturned the authority of the Middle Ages and the classical world. By authority I don’t mean that of the church but of the “triad” Aristotle, Ptolemy, and Galen. The revolutionaries of the new science had to escape their intellectual heritage. The long term effects of both the Scientific Revolution and the acceptance and dependence upon science can still be felt today in our daily lives.
Nicholaus Copernicus’ theory regarding the movement of the planets and the position of the sun and Earth has had a profound effect on the scientific understanding of the solar system. His ideas were originally met with opposition due to religious beliefs of the time. By publishing his theory, Copernicus set the stage for a drastic and positive change in scientific and religious beliefs. Nicholaus Copernicus is one of the most well known astronomers of all time. He is even labeled as the founder of modern astronomy for the proposition of his heliocentric theory (“Nicolaus Copernicus”, Scientists: Their Lives and Works).
They accepted as true what could be proven mathematically and rejected as untrue those things that could not” (415). The world was beginning to view the universe and physics in a new and more accurate way due to the inquisitive and unrelenting scholars of the scientific revolution. Some of the great scholars to broaden the view of the universe by questioning longstanding beliefs were, Nicolaus Copernicus, Johannes Kepler, Galileo Galilei, and Isaac Newton. Nicolaus Copernicus’ contributions to astronomy and physics proved to be pivotal in sparking a change in the existing views of the universe. Born in Poland in 1473, Copernicus’ parents died before he reached the age of 12.
He formulated mathematical calculations that provided the basis for a new view on the world. He constructed a model of the universe to show this. His theory contrasted with the beliefs and views of the church therefore it was denounced in 1543. Galileo Galilei, (1564-1642) an Italian mathematician and astronomer, won the respect and admiration of many people of his time because of his inventions. He constructed a military compass, an instrument for measuring the expansion of liquids, and one of the early telescopes with which he discovered Jupiter's satellites, irregularities on the surface of the moon, star clusters in the milky way and spots on the surface of the sun.
In the centuries preceding the Scientific Revolution people attempted to understand natural phenomena through the lenses of doctrine and philosophical speculation. Scientists were content with to rely on a synthesis of Aristotelian framework and dogma in attempt to describe the world. During the Scientific Revolution scientists began to embrace empiricism as a way to better understand the intricacies of nature. Unlike today scientists during the Scientific Revolution didn’t see a dichotomy between science and religion. Scientists’ chief motivation in investigating nature was to add empirical support for the concept of divine design; the belief that held that God established order in the universe according to discernible principles.