Water is one of the most important everyday source for everyone, also used as domestic and industrial purpose. Water pollution occurs when people just throw plastics or other wastes to the water which turns into poisonous chemical waste. “WHO estimate that diarrhoeal disease accounts for approximately 3.6% of the total DALY global burden of disease, and of this it is estimated that 58% is attributable to unsafe water supply, sanitation and hygiene, most of which is in developing countries” (WHO, 2014). Water pollution is mostly suffered by the organisms that survive in water. In human perspective, people die every day due to polluted and infected water.
Most of these people still rely on the the river for food, water, and bathing. However, this river isn 't just home to people. Dozens of textile factories are located on the river, some of which release toxic chemicals that are used to manufacture clothes. According to the Green Peace’s some of the chemicals include chlorinated solvents, phthalates, brominated chlorinated flame retardants, azo dyes,heavy metals: cadmium, lead, mercury and chromium all of which have an adverse effect on the body. Some symptoms include adverse effects on central nervous system, liver and kidneys,cancer and even death.
What is needed (Notestein 1969, p.6) is an effective strategy for implementing programs in line with policy goals. This is so, world hunger and hunger related diseases are resolved leading to clean water, better residents and a better rate of employment. Also bearing in mind, the solution to world hunger would be a countless reason to improving the future of children. The total effect of demographic changes of food demand is expected to be negligible (Leathers and Foster 2009, p.165) however growth of per capita income is likely to have much bigger effect on food demand. If there are enough jobs for poor people, they would be eligible to produce their own food and advance their education which would lead to more options for growing food resources.
There are many waterborne diseases that contribute to poor health conditions. For example, “Diarrhoeal disease alone amounts to an estimated 4.1 % of the total DALY global burden of disease and is responsible for the deaths of 1.8 million people every year (WHO, 2004)”(WHO 2011, p.1). Cholera is also a waterborne disease that is affecting more people every day. Cholera infects the intestines, which if untreated can also lead to death (Water Related Cholera p.1). Another major waterborne disease is Malaria.
In many developing countries, the main cause of death is diarrhea contracted by drinking water. Human and animal wastes are not the only water pollutants. Sometimes pollutants can come from an oil spill or another single source. When this occurs, it is called point source pollution. (“ Categories of Pollution: Point Source”, 2008) The global picture of water and health has a strong local dimension with some 1.1 billion people still lacking access to improved drinking water sources and some 2.4 billion to adequate sanitation.
Also chemical that come from industries causes of water pollution according to Water Pollution Guide (“Types of water pollution,” (4). Drinking, swimming or fishing from the polluted water cause many health problems. For example bacterial infections effect on digestion as typhoid, cholera, paratyphoid fever, bacillary dysentery. Also, viral infections cause infectious hepatitis (jaundice) Poliomyelitis, according to Edugreen (“Health impacts of water pollution,” (5). Unfortunately, according to Dosomething.org website, more than 5,000 people die every day in worldwide because of dirty water.
This is extremely unsanitary and utterly dangerous to the population’s health. Drinking polluted water can cause severe nausea, vomiting, cramps and severe diarrhea. Also drinking contaminated water can infect the human body with diseases such as cholera, polio, hepatitis A, dysentery and Amoebiasis. Which left untreated, can be life threatening and easily spread. The country itself produces 40 million liters of sewage every day, and only about 20% of that is treated (source: Centre for Science and Environment; Excreta does matter).
Home remedies for cholera Cholera is a disease caused by bacteria and spreads trough contaminated water. The dangerous phase of cholera is the grater loss of fluid from the body in a short span of time. In a more severe scenario, it may produce diarrhea within few hours of consumption of contaminated water. Although modern sewage and other modern methods of water treatment have eliminated cholera in most of the industrialized countries, it still prevails in many developing countries. In fact, cholera becomes epidemic when people are force to live in crowded condition without adequate and proper sanitation.
This issue has ruined the lives of many people, especially the elderly and young children (Bily 42, 43). Pollution is a deadly and lethal problem, but can be fixed by passing new laws, having people conserve resources, and have jobs that are made for pollution clean up. As a whole, pollution affects people and the environment. Statistics from the EPA show that about 630,000 children in the US are born with a risk of brain damage due to elevated levels of mercury in the mothers (Bily 58). And, according to a study in Sweden, lymphoma occurs five-times more in people exposed to herbicides (Bily 73).
As a result of that the abuse of oceans, lakes, rivers, reservoirs, ponds etc is water pollution. Water pollution takes place when substances that will change the water in a negative way are released in it. This pollutants discharge can be direct or indirect. Water Pollution has countless negative effects, ecosystems can be badly changed or destroyed by water pollution, many places are presently being disturbed by careless human-caused pollution, but thankfully, to raise some awareness, this pollution has come back to hurt us in many ways. According to WHO, 3.2 million children below the age of five years old in developing nations die every year as a result of unhealthy drinking water and substandard sanitation.