Human Trafficking in the United States

1360 Words6 Pages
Human trafficking is “the recruitment, harboring, conveyance, endowment, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, deception, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.” Human trafficking is a canopy term for “when one person obtains or holds another person in compelled service,” including, but not restricted to, forced labor, sex-trafficking, and bonded labor. This Comment uses the umbrella term “human trafficking” to include any number of trafficking classifications Human trafficking is challenging to recognize for many reasons. Human trafficking is often “a hidden crime,” and sex trafficking is even more so, often “disseminated in alleys, brothels and illicit massage parlors.” Also, victims may travel between jurisdictions, leaving little time for law enforcement to recognize the crime and its players and to prosecute accordingly. Moreover, recognizing an individual engaging in criminal activity as a victim of crime rather than as an offender of crime is counterintuitive to the criminal-justice system. This Comment acknowledges the trouble for a law-enforcement officer to concurrently view a trafficked person as both a criminal committing an offense and a victim constrained by a human-trafficking situation to commit that offense. Along with it being challenging to recognize, human-trafficking victims do not frequently pursue help and may even hide the reality of their situation. It is not unusual for trafficking victims to defend their traffickers, at least primarily. Trafficking is differentiated from people smuggling because of the element of consent. The new concentration on human trafficking has raised debate over the effectiveness ... ... middle of paper ... ...ting Human Trafficking By Enhancing Awareness Through Public Postings.” Mcgeorge Law Review 44.3 (2013): 583-590. Academic Search Complete. Web. 31 Dec. 2013 Gallagher, Anne. “ Improving The Effectiveness Of The International Law Of Human Trafficking: A Vision For The Future Of The US Trafficking In Persons Reports.” Human Rights Review 12.3 (2011): 381-400. Academic Search Complete. Web. 31 Dec. 2013. Heinrich, Kelly, and Kayitha Sreeharsh. “The State Of Human-Trafficking Laws.” Judges’ Journal 52.1 (2013): Academic Search Complete. Web. 31 Dec. 2013. Jac-Kucharski, Alicia. “The Determinants Of Human Trafficking: A US Case Study.” International Migration 50.6 (2012): 150-165. Academic Search Complete. Web. 31 Dec. 2013. “President Obama’s Speech On Human Trafficking.” Judges’ Journal 52.1 (2013): 12-14. Academic Search Complete. Web. 31 Dec. 2013.
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