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Human Trafficking also Known as Modern Day Slave Trade

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Human Trafficking, also referred to as modern-day slave trade, has been defined by the United Nations Palermo Protocol as, “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons, by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of abuse of power or of position of vulnerability or of the giving and receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs (“Background”2014).” This multifaceted method of exploitation violates labor, public health, and human rights standards worldwide.

Human Traffickers include organized and sophisticated criminals, decentralized criminals, family members, small businesses, and individuals. In the United State it has been estimated that human trafficking produces as much as $44.3 billion annually. It has also been projected that 27 million people are currently being held in slavery worldwide (“Background”2014).

Traffickers target people who suffer from socio-economic inequalities. In the U.S. traffickers target people such as: runaways and at risk youth. These traffickers encourage their victims to trust them to lure them to a better life with desirable working conditions and safe and healthy environments.

In Texas, as well as worldwide, there are laws against this transgression. According to the Texas Penal Code, Ҥ 20A.02. TRAFFICKING OF PERSONS. (a) A person commits an offense if the person knowingly traffics...

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Major Forms of Human Trafficking Include:. (n.d.). Types of Trafficking: learn about Human Trafficking. Retrieved February 17, 2014, from http://www.humantraffickingsearch.net/typesoftrafficking

Sanborn, D. R., & Lew, D. (2012). Fighting Human Trafficking in Texas. Texas Bar Journal, 75(10), 779-781. Retrieved February 17, 2014, from http://www.texasbar.com/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Texas_Bar_Journal&Template=/C M

Texas Constitution and Statutes - Home. (n.d.). Texas Constitution and Statutes - Home. Retrieved February 17, 2014, from http://www.statutes.legis.state.tx.us/?link=PE

Texas | Polaris Project | Combating Human Trafficking and Modern-day Slavery. (n.d.). Texas | Polaris Project | Combating Human Trafficking and Modern-day Slavery. Retrieved February 17, 2014, from http://www.polarisproject.org/state-map/texas
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