Further it is described that the rights, which are natural and inherent for the life and happiness of every individual are called human rights. These rights are indispensable for the maintenance of human dignity and the individual enjoys these rights from birth to death
The basic rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled, often held to include the right to life and liberty, freedom of thought and expression, and equality before the law. Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, color, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are based on the principle of respect for the individual. Their fundamental assumption is that each person is a moral and rational being who deserves to be treated with dignity.
The personhood should be understood here minimally as an individuated human being, but it is also the individual, who has possessed legal status to entitle by rights and address by obligations. In the meantime, the certain behaviors and actions acknowledge the dignity of person in two conditions. First, we know and see dignity by allowing or observing a person to plan her life and future freely as someone with the capacity of action and communication. Accordingly, we should notice that dignity intersects with the principles of autonomy and agency, which assert the inviolability of the free will. The reason for this is that the concept of dignity and autonomy are closely related.
Morality involves what we ought to do regarding right and wrong and/or good and bad based on our values, virtues and principles (Gray, JW). Something is moral if it is the right thing to do or rational thing to do based on the facts presented in a situation. Objectivity is the state or quality of being true even outside of one’s individual biases, interpretations, and feelings (Wikipedia). Objective decisions are ones that are not based on personal feelings or opinions, but instead it is based on the circumstances and facts presented when considering a particular decision. I shall argue that morality that is case-by-case or situational can still be objective without universal or general rules.
The Human rights should find its place in the Constitution of every country. These rights are given to every human being for one basic reason that he is human. With the passage of time human realized that being human is the
What are human rights? Human rights are the rights one has simply by virtue of being human. They are, essentially the highest moral rights any human being can have. In order for one to have a right though, the right must be recognized by other people and must be secured through human action. These rights are not a recent concept.
To what degree is a rational agent allowed to pursue his own goals or to choose one action over another? Both Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill answer the question of what makes a person free. Two different conceptions of individual freedom and autonomy are present by them and for this reason these philosopher differ on why it is that freedom and self-governance should be valued. In Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals Kant puts forward a normative conception of freedom and autonomy where by one has the capacity to deliberate and give himself laws. It is based on this claim that he makes his argument that autonomy should be valued because it is the sole principle of our moral law.
Our reasoning provides us with motive to choose to follow or not follow something. That being said we are responsible for whatever choice we make. The CI is saying that we must always treat humans as rational beings. Our capacity to reason and act morally is what gives us a dignity. Our dignity allows us to have intrinsic moral worth.
His first principle is especially prevalent in the Declaration of Independence and Bill of Rights in the U.S Constitution. The Bill of Rights includes the basic freedoms that we as citizens have. Some of these basic freedoms are freedom of speech, religion, press and so on. As citizens under a government, this is something that needs to hold true. We should never be denied our rights to express our opinions and preferences.