The first thing that Mao said is that 'The people's Republic of China strives for independence.' If I look back at what the communist have done I will see that independence is a element that they have achieved. China is no longer reliant on foreign devils or Western powers. They stopped trading with the West at one stage because they were in fear of their communism s0o they only traded with the Soviet Union who were another communist country. They now trade with the West but only along the terms of it being to increase the efficiency, strength and economy on China.
As a result, scholar officials in power tended to have conservative and moderate ideas, which the people could accept. Nevertheless, intellectuals not in power might have more radical ideas since they regarded the idea of the officialdom were too backward to meet the changing and deteriorating situation. But, they still aimed to making China powerful and strong. Ever since, the ideas of these intellectuals had not change. It was only the time element that had made one idea surfaced after one another since the former had been driven by time to become an anachronism, and the latter had become an appropriate solution to the changing political situation.
The details portrayed by Ouchterlony prior to the first war, explains how China could have easily prevented such disaster and embarrassment from occurring and tarnishing their image. The Chinese were the main cause in the upbringing and their defeat in the Opium Wars. There were many conflicting viewpoints between the West and the East ranging from diplomatic relations, trade, and administration of justice for foreign national, which eventually led up to the first Opium War. Prior to the war, China believed they were far superior to any other civilization in the world. The Emperor of China was thought to be the elder brother to all other surrounding kings and emperors.
From the eighteenth century through the early twentieth century, China and Japan had similar views regarding Western penetration, yet both countries responded in different ways. By subverting colonial powers, both countries had to adjust their traditional cultures, economy, and political structures in order keep up with westernization. In the past, China was always hesitant to foreign occupation and wanted to keep them out as much as possible. During the Qing dynasty, trade was greatly discouraged. China did not keep up with industrialization as much as the Europeans because they believed that their country was already prosperous and productive with its large labor force that produced everything they needed.
Without Deng Xiaoping's tremendous performance during the war, the Nationalists probably would have easily won. Because of Deng Xiaoping, the people of the nation were finally able to begin to mod... ... middle of paper ... ...treated his own children. He wanted his people to live happily, and in order to do so, he gave his life in exchange. Even when there was a lot of pressure from the public, Deng Xiaoping did not cave in. Instead, he tried his best to ignore the pressure and to choose what would be best for the people; even if it meant being unpopular sometimes.
This is even truer for those groups which are not of our kind if they are not our kind, their hearts must be different”. What Zuo Zhuan is trying to say is that we, the Guomindang, take in the defenseless, hopeless, and feeble and transform them into powerful figures. If you don’t join our organization than you would be considered a weakling. This caught the Hui peo... ... middle of paper ... ...witch to the nationalist’s side they would have probably fulfilled their desires. But, instead they joined the Kuomintang in 1911 having a desire to complete that they would create a self-governing country and government.
In the first period, when the Tongzhi Restoration (1862-75) and the Self-Strengthening Movement (1860-91) was carrying out, the force of continuity played a vi... ... middle of paper ... ...ant to show the change of Chinese mentally after several humiliations. They became disillusioned and were willing to accept fundamental changes. Confucianism became less relevant and people were forced to be in favor of westernization. To conclude, through out the post-Opium period, at first the force of continuity played a more influential role because the Chinese were strict followers of Confucianism and wanted to keep everything intact. Strong nationalism and anti-foreignism acted as hindrance to reform effort.
The CCP thus looked to patriotism as the answer, which is synonymous with nationalism but with the added ingredient that it viewed the state and the nation as inseparable. The government began a state sponsored campaign to educate the country in patriotism, focusing on China’s territorial integrity and also reintroduced Chinese traditional systems of thought such as Confucius and brought Chinese history and culture back into the schools after almost fou... ... middle of paper ... ...sts itself most strongly when it feels threatened by outside forces such as by Japan in 2005 and by the west during the Tibet issue. Though the patriotic education project the CCP wanted to make love for country and love for state synonymous, that is far from the case today. Since the CCP used nationalism as the moral base on which it claimed legitimacy for ruling China, it has become in one way or another subject to the demands of nationalism. As a result, the CCP has been placed in an awkward position of trying to balance foreign relations with domestic demands of harder lined policy towards foreign perceived enemies of the Chinese people.
The Han dynasty set the pattern for Chinese history by causing growth in the economy and the promotion of Confucianism as the state philosophy. The Qing dynasty was ruled by Empress Wu, but a rebellion during this dynasty ended the dynasty reign. This led to China in the 20th century which includes the Treaty of Versailles, the People’s Republic of China, and, most importantly, Communism. Sun Yat-Sen, who created the Republic of China in 1912, entered alliance with the new Comm... ... middle of paper ... ...he goal of communism to work towards the benefit of the whole, many would argue that this is not being accomplished in China today. The information that the Chinese government feed to their people is affecting their citizen’s ability to decipher from what is true and what is false.
Although they were many short term events that brought about the revolution in 1911 such as nationalising the railways, leaving Pu Yi as Emperor of China and then using Yuan Shikai to crush the local rebellions. Sun Yatsen and the Nationalists was another short term influence in the transformation in China in the early twentieth century as Sun Yatsen formed the Guomindang in Tokyo 1905 where it wanted to bring an end to the imperial system and believing that a republic was the only way to bring real reform as wel... ... middle of paper ... ...test political and economic impact through the use of working with foreign powers in order to modernize China. To conclude, although for much of the 20th century in China foreign influence was limited, the most change occurred when foreign influence was involved. Politically, it was revolutionised through leaders such as Chiang Kai-shek and Mao who were influenced by foreign powers such as USSR and France. Chiang Kai-shek and Mao both emphasised that the use of Confucian ideas clearly would not work in order to transform China.