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Human Rights

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Human Rights
Women, including female prisoners, need access to contraceptives, abortions, and protection against sexually transmitted diseases; however, most prisons have little to no access to reproductive choices (Johnson 1). Female inmates need access to abortions and contraceptives because sometimes they are raped while they are in jail, they may not be able to raise a child due to imprisonment, their unattended miscarriages can lead to death, and it is difficult to give birth in prison. In addition, female prisoners need protection against Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) in order to decrease infection in and out of prisons.
Incarcerated women should have access to birth control, because giving birth while in prison is a horrible experience. For instance, forty out of fifty states still allow incarcerated women to be chained while giving birth (Johnson 653). During labor women struggle, fight, push, and utilize all their strength. Chains and other restrictions just make the experience psychologically and physically more difficult for women in labor. For a better visual of what these women go through Avalon Johnson the author of, “Access To Elective Abortions For Female Prisoners Under The Eighth And Fourteenth Amendments.” explains that “…forty states still use some type of restraint, including belly chains, leg irons, and handcuffs during labor and delivery (Johnson 653).” In addition, the experience is not only degrading, but it may also present complications. For example, some of the complications that may occur are hemorrhage and decreased fatal heart rate (Johnson 653). Women in labor should not have to experience these emotional and physical hardships, which is why female inmates need access to birth control and...

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... abortion, contraception and protection for STDs is apparent. So to some extent, the health of prisoners affects everyone. It is inhumane to keep treating female prisoners this way and it should be stopped.

Works Cited

Grinstead, Olga, et al. "HIV And STD Testing In Prisons: Perspectives Of In-Prison Service Providers." AIDS Education & Prevention 15.6 (2003): 547-560. Criminal Justice Abstracts with Full Text. Web. 29 Mar. 2014.
Johnson, Avalon. "Access To Elective Abortions For Female Prisoners Under The Eighth And Fourteenth Amendments. (Spanish)." American Journal Of Law & Medicine 37.4 (2011): 652-683. Criminal Justice Abstracts with Full Text. Web. 29 Mar. 2014.
VanNatta, Michelle. "Conceptualizing And Stopping State Sexual Violence Against Incarcerated Women." Social Justice 37.1 (2010): 27-52. Criminal Justice Abstracts with Full Text. Web. 29 Mar. 2014.
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