Human Resources have two opposite and, at the same time, undivided aspects. It is considered to be and independent science, and also a very practical and broadly applicable disciple. Every enterprise no matter how small or big has a human resources department Some of the responsibilities or human resources, and the reason of their importance to every company, are hiring, dismissing, taking care of the employees through payroll, benefits, and not to forget staying up to date with labour and tax laws. In order to understand the importance of human resources and how human resources management developed we need to know how it all started.
At the beginning of the 20th century when the union movement was growing strong, solutions to tackle the unions’ problem had to be found. In order to persuade the employees that unionising was quite unnecessary personnel departments were created. In the following decades, their initial purpose to keep employees as far as possible from unions was outgrown. Completely new areas emerged and came under responsibilities of personnel departments. So not only the matter of wages, working hours and terms and conditions of employment is under the jurisdiction of personnel departments, but also testing and training employees and performance assessment. Thanks to the conclusions of two Harvard professors Mayo and Roethlisberger, that the social factors have great impact on satisfaction and productivity of employees, many researches were conducted which lead to the popularity and feeling of necessity of Human Resources .
What is known, today, as human resources management was developed during 1960 and 1970. (Wright et. al. 1994. Perspectives on Human Resources Management .pp. 336-352)
The process of managing...
... middle of paper ...
...es who are working today will be able to keep up with technological and business changes, unless there are addition trainings provided by their companies. If we consider frequent and not entirely predictable changes on the markets and the economy in general, there must be no question of the existence and valuable importance of Human Resources Management.
Lengnick-Hall, Mark and Cynthia.2011.Human Resource Management in the Knowledge economy. BK Inc. San Francisco
Price, Alan. (2011).Human Resource Management. Cengage Learning EMEA
Douglas M. McCabe and David Lewin. (Spring 1992).Employee Voice: A Human Resource Management Perspectiv.University of California Press
Philip M. Rosenzweig and Nitin Nohria,Journal of International Business Studies (1994)Influences on Human Resource Management Practices in Multinational Corporations.Palgrave Macmillan Journals