According to Sir John Gordon, cloning is not as playing God it is simply copying “what nature has already produced” (Gordon). This new development established a series of debates because if there are technologies that enable humans to artificially create mammal, sooner or later the same process will be performed on human. This points to the question, should human cloning be banned? (Cloning: An Overview). Even though there are numerous critics who believe human cloning violates human dignity, there should be an acceptance because it can be a solution to those who are affected with various diseases, it is essential for understanding our ancestors or other prehistoric species, and it benefits parents who lost their beloved children, or those who cannot have children.
Through advancing our knowledge in cloning and genetic engineering, we can eliminate unwanted traits and genetic diseases. Wesley may then try to argue that these unwanted traits and diseases make us unique, but I doubt he will get much support, especially from somebody who suffers from some horrible genetic disease or deformity. Wesley then uses nature itself in his arguments by stating: “Eugenics, as awful as it is, is only the beginning of the threat posed to the natural order by human cloning”.
Somatic gene therapy has more support and funding but is still considered untrustworthy by many who believe it may also affect the germ-line in some cases. These moral arguments have called the stop to many cases and experiments, more so after a patient treated with gene therapy dies. In the ongoing fight for the elimination or continuation of gene therapy, there are four main positions (Sadler et al., 2005). One position is to bring an end to both germ-line and somatic gene therapy practices. This group argues that using gene therapy on humans is dangerous and that changing genes to attempt to make improvements is wrong.
While cloning organs may seem ethical, cloning a human is dangerous. Still, scientists argue that the intentions of cloning are ethical. On the other hand, there are many who disagree with those claims. According to those from a religious standpoint, it is playing God, therefore, should be avoided. From a scientific standpoint it is also very dangerous, as scientists are playing with human cells which, if done wrong, can lead to genetic mutations that can either become fatal to the clone, or cause it severe disabilities.
Human Reproductive Cloning Should be Banned The issues concerning human reproductive cloning are shrouded in controversy, perhaps overshadowing the true advantages of cloning technology. Therapeutic cloning, which is often misunderstood as reproductive cloning, is less controversial than the latter as it does not involve the creating of an individual being. Instead, vital stem cells are extracted from human embryos, in order to generate tissues and organs for transplant. The goal of this process is strictly to harvest stem cells, resulting in the creation of “cloned organs”, which can be used to treat heart disease, Alzheimer’s, and cancer. However, because reproductive cloning involves the creation of a specific being with specific characteristics it is much more controversial, and has much more at stake than therapeutic cloning.
Those in favor of cloning argue that the technology will eventually lead to a number of benefits for human lives, benefits such as assisting reproductively challenged couples in having children genetically related to them, the growing and healing of wounded or diseased tissues and organs, and the curing of diseases such as cancer and leukemia. Conversely, opponents of cloning state that it is immoral and unethical to clone for religious reasons. Their arguments also include very thoughtful and concerned ideas, such as the fear that cloning will lead to the "10,000 Hitlers¡¨ scenario, and also the belief that the clone will suffer some sort of trauma because they will not have a unique identity of their own. All of these arguments are valid concerns, but when held to close examination do they really hold up as adequate reasons to put a ban on all types of cloning, some of which may help to save the lives of others? It is not enough to say that cloning is the creation of something, which is an exact copy of something else.
While the ethics and legality of human cloning are blurry, I think human cloning would be detrimental to the human race. First of all, a lot of unwanted clones can end up happening because the process of cloning seems to be very limited success from what we know now. Screwing up from trying to obtain the nearest perfect clone should not be an option. It would be unfortunate for the women to go through the whole process and have to get rid of it, just because it did not turn out correct. Where will all the mess ups or unsuccessful clones remain at?
Much as cloning of humans is enticing, there are a host of issues over its practicality besides the risks involved and the low success rates.2 For one, genetic selection via cloning will result in reduced genetic diversity, and the well being of the genetically similar population will be at stake. We fail to realize that sometimes, even people with certain genetic defects have something to offer us. For example, the deaf community can teach us abou... ... middle of paper ... ...r bit to highlight both positive and negative aspects of cloning humans, such that the public can make an informed decision whether or not to take part in activities involving human cloning. Endnotes 1. Beardsley, Tim.
The idea of genetically modifying an embryo poses the immoral view that humans, who are seen as abnormal, are not as important in today’s society. Expanding from Choice Eugenics, the idea of modifying an embryo has become a process that many scientists are trying to normalize. This process of gene therapy, also known as germ-line engineering, is a fairly new topic of discussion that has been criticized by many for a variety of different reasons. The genetic modification of an embryo poses large threat to the fetus and demonstrates harmful affects which can lead to negative health defects in its future. Many of the technologies used in this process of gene modification are dangerous and can cause significant risk to a fetus.
One reason people protest the idea of cloning is because may are mystified as to how it could be used and what its purposes can be. I know that if it were your child, you would use every possible measure to keep them alive. The fact that we, as humans, might be able to figure out how to clone so that lives could be saved is extremely exciting and inspiring. On the other hand, there is a time and a place for everything, including research. While cloning is justifiable in certain circumstances, I would want to make sure other healthcare issues were taken care before donating money to research for cloning.