Human Behavior

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Social Status and Sexual Orientation
There are inequities in all societies in regards to sexual orientation and gender, due to perceived notions of what normal sexual behavior and gender roles are. The belief that the nuclear family is the only normal or natural form of family has had profound influence on social views, public policy, and research. The purpose of this paper is to examine the social views behind discrimination that surrounds lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, questioning, and intersex individuals in a dominantly heteronormative American society. As lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals fight for their rights, particularly the rights to marry and raise children, they often face opposition due to heteronormative status views that dominate American societies.
Status generally describes an individual’s social position in a community or society, and is used to describe one’s social identity. The term status is generally divided into two groups: ascribed status which are social positions that individuals are born into, and achieved status are social positions individuals attain through personal choice and effort (Johnson & Rhodes, 2010). There are many forms of social identity, and they represent the many ways in which people connect, or the similarities that people in a group share. Gender is one of the most frequently used forms of self-identification or self-description used by individuals. Another social identity or status is sexual orientation. Often society decides what social statuses or identities are acceptable. American Society functions on the principle of heteronormativity.
The constructionist perspective theory believes that social and cultural norms define appropriate gender behavior and s...

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...these benefit that are denied to same-sex couples make it difficult for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals to protect themselves from serious illnesses or bereavement through medical leave, social security claims.
In all, many view lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender lifestyles as deviant and immoral. Gender theorists believe that heteronormative views remain dominant, because sexuality is socially constructed and supports heterosexuality as the only natural sexual orientation. This makes heteronormative views unquestionable and oppresses efforts to prove otherwise. That is discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals is encouraged through heteronormative views of what is morally acceptable, rather than conclusive research that proves these individuals are a threat to the institutions of marriage and family.
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