Patients with schizophrenia isolate themselves from their family and friends, which causes hallucinations to appear more often because of more self-thoughts. The experiences are real and vivid, so many patients can’t handle the hallucinations and often commit suicide. Furthermore, many patients have therapists that help decrease the hallucinations and work with the patients to overcome fears of hallucinations and the topics associated with their hallucinations. Many therapist tell their patients to “encouragement to persevere, not to give up, to discuss things with the therapist & reassurance that the family & close friends understand, are important” (“Understanding and Responding to Symptoms of Schizophrenia”). The patients often feel powerless by these hallucinations due to constant pressure they hear from all of the voices in their head.
They may be unable to complete school, have trouble interviewing and getting a job, and may be incapable of friendships or romantic relationships, making them feel alone or even ashamed. Although not as common, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is another form of anxiety that can wreak havoc on someone’s life. OCD causes one to suffer from unwanted thoughts that they cannot seem to let go of (obsessions), causing them to repeatedly perform ritualistic behaviors or routines in an effort to ease their anxiety. Agoraphobia is considered one of the more serious anxiety disorders. A common misconception is that agoraphobia is a fear of public places.
One of the most occurring positive symptoms is hallucinations. Hallucinations are false perceptions, inaccuracies that affect a person's senses and cause us to hear, see, taste, touch, or smell what others do not. Some people with schizophrenia will hear voices that can be reassuring and yet they can be very menacing. Allot of times these voices lead people to hurt themselves or just do abnormal things. Hallucinations, usually the same ones over and over, take control of a person and leave them feeling victimized.
Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disease. People with schizophrenia often suffer terrifying symptoms such as hearing internal voices not heard by others, or believing that other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts, or plotting to harm them. Their symptoms can be grouped into three categories: positive symptoms, negative symptoms, psychomotor symptoms. Positive symptoms of schizophrenia include delusions, illusions, disorganized thinking and speech, heightened perceptions and hallucinations, and inappropriate affect. Delusions are ideas that they believe frequently but have no basis in fact.
Phobias are an unreasonable yet strong fear of a certain object, class of objects, or situation (Bruce). Phobia sufferers experience fear and a strong desire to escape whenever they encounter the phobic object or situation. Most people are able to avoid the object of their phobia or endure it with some mild distress. However, when a phobia causes personal distress or when avoidance of it interferes with a person’s ability to carry out normal activities, mental health professionals classify it as an anxiety disorder. These sufferers may need specialized treatment to overcome their phobias.
Anxiety disorders and personality disorders, two forms of abnormal behavior, can alter a person’s personality as a result of life experiences. Anxiety disorder is a type of abnormal behavior characterized by unrealistic, irrational fear. These types of disorders are diagnosed two as often in women as in men. Although these disorders can be very chronic and serious, they are easily treatable. Generalized anxiety disorder is when people experience fear and worry that is not focused on one specific aspect; nevertheless, they suffer greatly with headaches, dizziness, heart palpitations, and insomnia.
A delusion is a disorder in the way one thinks; the most common delusions are those of grandeur and persecution, these are when one thinks that they very important or that someone is out to get them when in reality there is no good reason to think this. When patients experience psychosis, they may be confused, depressed, disorganized, delusional, hallucinate, and be paranoid. Some who suffer from psychosis have difficulty with everyday things in life such as having a job, driving, and communicating with others. Psychosis could be caused by schizophrenia, alcohol and other drugs, major depression with psychotic features, bipolar disorder, dementia disorders, epilepsy, brain tumors and even a stroke. Psychosis is often treated with psychotherapy and medication depending on the cause if the psychosis.
Stigma is a barrier for treatment and is harmful to society, as well as being a sign of a toxic community. The biggest obstacle in the goal to eradicate mental health stigma is that many people aren’t aware of what a mental disorders are, and how commonly they occur. Many people associate people with mental illness (also called psychological disorders) as “crazy” or “insane”. However, these disorders can be as simple as attention and hyperactivity problems (ADHD), stress disorders, and depression. There are of course more serious issues like bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia, but even those can be handled with proper methods of medication and therapeutic assistance.
Symptoms Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) hinders people’s security, makes interpersonal and interpersonal relationships difficult, worsens the person suffering from the disorder’s life and those around them, effects their affect and self-image, and generally makes a person even more unstable (Davidon et al., 2007). This disorder is a personality disorder which effects the people’s emotions, personality, and daily living including relationships with other and job stability. People with BPD may experience a variation of symptoms including but not limited to: intense contradictory emotions involving sadness, anger, and anxiety, feelings of emptiness, loneliness, and isolations (Biskin & Paris, 2012). This disorder makes it hard for the person with the disorder to maintain relationships since they have tendentious believe that people are either strictly good or bad. Also, they are sensitive to other people’s actions and words and are all over the place with their emotions so those in their life never know which side to expect.
A phobia can cause an overwhelming feeling of anxiety which can range from faint panic to a severe panic attack. For instance; noises, heights, open places, or dust are just a few of the objects that people are terrified of, and when the phobias become too severe, they begin to affect people's lives personally and socially. Phobias not only affect people’s lives personally and socially but it also affects them physically and mentally. Phobias can