Book Review on Teaching for Competence For my book review I chose Teaching for Competence by Norman Higgins and Howard Sullivan. The authors feel that teachers and students will teach and learn more effectively by using C.B.I. or Competency based instruction. When using the C.B.I. approach teachers will clearly state to students the defined objectives, give effective types of instruction, and lastly teachers will assess the students.
It is extremely important for educators to choose and evaluate materials to that will encourage student learning. The overall goal when choosing resources is that they support the learning outcomes of the curriculum. Student experiences and learning outcomes are shaped by the resources the teacher chooses to use the their classroom. It is important for educators to evaluate all learning resources prior to use to ensure they meet the criteria that will allow all students regardless of their culture of linguistic differences to be successful in their learning endeavors.
By designing articulate instruction exhibiting malleable and receptive instruction can also promote positive educational attainment (Henson, 2009). Standard #7: Planning for Instruction. The teacher designs lessons that encourages each student in meeting complex educational objectives by correlating knowledge of subject matter, course outline, cross-disciplinary abilities, and instructional methods, in addition to knowledge of students and the societal environment (Henson, 2009). In continuation with preparing, planning and implementing appropriate lessons conducive to diverse learners. This particular standard maintains the significance for teachers to recognize each student’s distinct strengths, weaknesses, and needs to construct efficient lessons.
Teachers need to deliberately plan lessons around standards and specific goals based on curriculum and the school’s mission (Marzano, 2010). Assessments need to be use to guide instruction and used as a “method for improvement and mastery,” (Marzano, 2010). While determining my own theory of learning, I believe that I need to consider what effective teachers demonstrate in the classroom. My theory of learning is based around the ... ... middle of paper ... ...ation, Inc. (2010). Designing curriculum, instruction, and assessment: Research on learning.
The teacher’s questioning strategy can help students obtain understanding and see connections as they work toward solutions to problems. (Inspire, 2011) “One of the most striking aspects of teaching is that the teacher’s speech consists of questions” (Manouchehri & Lapp, 2003, p.563). Each question the teacher asks should be strategic toward the goal of student learning. The teacher must determine beforehand what student response is desired and structure the questioning accordingly. Questioning can also aid the educator by assessing the students’ comprehension and understanding, thereby allowing the modification of instruction if necessary (Chappell & Thompson, 1999).
Conversely, students’ approaches to study influence the ways in which they perceive evaluation and assessment. When students participate in formative assessment, there is opportunity to give feedback to students. The provision of feedback is one of the primary functions of formative assessment. A further function of the formative assessment is to provide feedback to the mentors. Concerning these, Bloxham and Boyd (2007) argued that “for assessment to function in a formative way that supports students’ future learning, the findings have to adjust teaching”.
According to University of Hawai’i Manoa, developing student learning outcomes “helps students learn more effectively and make clear what students should expect from their educational experience”. For example, it is very important that teachers must show, read out, or write the learning outcomes on the board at beginning of lesson so that student can always refer and look at it to expect what they are going to learn and gain from the lesson. Not only that but, with the help of the teachers and the guiding questions and activities will help the students achieve the lesson outcomes. According to Goucher College, writing a lesson outcome “increased student awareness of their own learning which give students a way to think and talk about what they have learned and make it easier for students to “know what they know” and give them a language to communicate what they know to others. For example, when teacher give questions and activities for students to do, it should be questions and activities that will facilitates students learning and help them met the outcomes.
It is an integral part of the overall assessment procedure. It serves to measure the learning of multiple units and concepts. They should be constructed before the course begins which allows the teacher to develop final learning goals and what students should be able to do when reaching these goals. A second, and more recent approach, suggests teachers form summative assessments towards the end of the course to take into account fluctuations and changes in the content taught. Grading assessments are important but should not be the only defining assessment for grading a student.
Relevant (QSA, ACARA,) documents highlight the importance of educational systems lifelong learning this is where students grow not only in knowledge but to become independent of the teacher. Therefore teacher supplied-feedback should give way to self assessment and self monitoring. Some of what the teacher brings to the assessment act itself must become a part of the curriculum for the student. Sadler The validity of student relative teacher judgements in assessment has been explored by many researchers and reported in the education literature .In large part student peer and self grading works best when students share a comprehensive understanding of the assessment criteria and the characteristics of work illustrative of different levels of performance. Boud describes the characteristics of self assessment as the involvement of students in identifying standards and or making criteria and making judgments about the extent to which they met these criteria and standards.
Linking instruction and assessment is critical to effective learning. Educators should provide students with various options for learning that include: different ways to learning (style and time), di... ... middle of paper ... ...re provided with ample opportunities to demonstrate their abilities. MI theory is used as formal and informal assessment in the classroom to allow students to be grasp and understand concepts. The use of multiple types of assessments in the classroom yield richer and more qualitative information about a child's achievement. If the ultimate goal is student learning, then there is a place for both standardized testing and authentic assessment using the MI theory in today's classroom.