America used to have five manufacturers that developed the flu vaccines that were used to vaccinate the entire nation. However, over the past few years, those five suppliers have diminished to only two suppliers, Chiron Corporation and Aventis Pasteur. Lester Crawford, acting commissioner for the Food a...
During the frigid winter months, the flu takes ahold of the entire country, constraining it in a cough-ridden, congested grasp until taking its leave in the warm months of spring. Several strains of the influenza virus compose collectively of the flu, and these strains mutate — or alter their genetic composition — as the virus creeps into and out of the people and animals it infects. Throughout the year, researchers and doctors scramble to find the most effective prevention for the evasive flu so that one may not feel its wrath. Their main weapon, the vaccination, comes with an apprehensiveness that extends beyond a dread of needles. For the vaccine’s dependence on a prediction, many blast the injection as ineffective and temporary: the flu virus’ mutations necessitate the development of a new shot every year. (Key Facts About Seasonal Flu Vaccine, CDC.gov) Others contend that the shot can harm as much as the virus itself, pointing to the potential for allergic reactions and sometimes severe side effects as evidence. With the risk of side effects and unclear effectiveness in mind, many will elect to either not vaccinate or seek treatment after the flu hits; a common treatment for the flu, the antiviral, disintegrates the virus after it strikes, yet its effectiveness has increasingly declined. While the flu vaccination does not provide comprehensive protection against the influenza virus, the vaccine, in conjunction with other precautionary — not reactionary — measures, provides the needed defense against contraction. Additionally, while a potential recipient should weigh the risk of side-effects and allergic reactions, a doctor can predict allergic reactions by the patient’s medical history and by running tests; other side-effect...
Swine Flu: Swine Flu or H1N1is one of the communicable diseases that have posed serious public health threats across the globe. Swine Flu emerged as an apparent new strain of influenza A in 1997 in Hong Kong in birds though it was later discovered that the strain may have been dated back to the 1950s. The prevalence of swine flu is attributed to various factors including its probability of continual mutation, rapid spread, and the fact that it covered a larger geographical area than other previous communicable diseases. Description of the Disease and Efforts to Control it: Swine Flu or H1N1 is a type A influenza or human disease that was originally transmitted to human from live pigs in which it evolved.
Producers work to formulate and distribute prescription drugs with diverted intentions. The authors GlaxoSmithKline state “…they turn these high prices into research toward new cures for diseases. It’s true, we in the U.S. seem to pick up most of the research tab for the rest of the world”. In this instance we get a tasteful sense that not all the money used for prescribed drugs are just baked into the profits. There stands a prodigious sum being flung into research and that may perhaps be a cause for the extraordinary drug costs. In the editorial, “The True Cost of Health Care”, “There is an estimated 800 billion put into disease research”. There is a gnawing realization that the medicinal companies pay for the research to discover more drug ingredients and cook up additional cures for these
Flu: The Imminent Pandemic Influenza is an everyday disease that affects thousands worldwide. Despite its reputation as a mundane sickness, the flu (especially the avian flu) is widely touted by experts as the propagator of the next deadly pandemic. The secret to this virus’ lethality is its antigenic shifting, leading to increased virulence and transmission factors. If one strain of a super flu begins circulating, millions of lives and billions of dollars will be lost. Only by preparing a national and worldwide response to this threat will we be able to combat this imminent pandemic.
This paper is for the missing hours in my term 3 clinical due to our involvement of the flu clinic. The duration of the flu clinic was only eight hours long but our normal clinic hours are a full twelve-hour shift, which is why most of my class was short four hours. This paper will cover: reason for flu immunizations; how this affects public health; what our part was at the clinic; how to get the public to participate in flu clinics; different type of flu vaccines and the pros and cons of each; safety, screening, and precautions regarding the influenza vaccine; and procedure for IM injection. I myself always get the flu shot for my family and myself because I know how important it is to keep my family safe from catching the flu and getting very sick. Because I know even with the flu vaccine you can still catch the flu, but since your immune system already recognizes it the body will fight it off faster and therefore you will not get as sick and it will be much shorter duration then if you would have just not vaccinated and caught the flu from somebody else. Starting with the reason for flu immunizations. Influenza can strike the healthiest of people and make them very sick. The flu is highly infectious and is a serious viral respiratory infection. Where as other viral respiratory infections the symptoms usually are mild and most people can continue working or going to school with the flu. But with the flu symptoms are severe and prolonged, which can cause people to miss days of work and/or school. The flu infection stresses the body and in addition, super infections can occur. Just what are super infections? They are bacterial infections that occur on top of a respiratory infection. Where as bacterial respiratory infections also...
Pharmaceutical companies have a wide variety of scientific evidence based on their previous and most recent clinical trials on every type of drug they introduce in the advertising world. However, one of the few problems they are facing is that there is too much information being presented to the consumer during broadcast advertisements. In turn due to the overwhelming amount of information, consumers are missing key medical facts that are needed to make an informed decision regarding their health. While all ads appear to list both the positives and negatives of the medication, some advertisements may be more misleading than others.
Request: In adults, what is the benefit of treating influenza with oseltamivir outside the current dosing recommendations, including starting treatment after 48 hours of symptom onset, extending treatment duration beyond five days, or doubling the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved dose?
In the business of drug production over the years, there have been astronomical gains in the technology of pharmaceutical drugs. More and more drugs are being made for diseases and viruses each day, and there are many more drugs still undergoing research and testing. These "miracle" drugs are expensive, however, and many Americans cannot afford these prices.
Influenza is a very serious disease that can lead to hospitalization and even fatalities. There are many different strands, infecting people of all ages and originating from different animals, which can be extremely fatal if the right care isn’t provided. Care for flu patients have changes tremendously over the years from once having no vaccine to having a limited amount of vaccines, only for the most prone individuals, to now having yearly vaccines to prevent the most common cases of flu. Doctors have learned just how deadly the flu virus can be which has led to the importance of them educating their patients of the flu virus and explaining the importance of getting the vaccine in order for their bodies to get an immunity of the many flu viruses that many in our country have previously faced. Many in our county in the past have died from the virus due to no vaccines, poor precautions, and being uneducated on the virus because it was new, but new vaccines and precautions are being taken in order to prevent pandemics such as the Flu Pandemic of 1918.