How to Apply Malcolm Knowles' Theories in Training work

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This essay is to consider and discuss how I might apply the theories of Malcolm Knowles, in my own current or future training work. The essay will include a brief biography on Malcolm Knowles, and his theory on adult education / learning andragogy, to include definitions of andragogy and pedagogy, which has been the mainstay of all education theory for hundreds of years. The main body of the essay will discuss and differentiate andragogy from pedagogy, and how I might use Knowles’s theory in future training. Malcolm Knowles Theory. Malcolm Sheppard Knowles (aug 24th 1913- nov 27th 1997) was an American adult educator famous for the adoption of the adult learning theory andragogy , initially a term coined by the German teacher Alexander Kapp in 1833. Knowles is credited with being a fundamental influence in the development of the humanist learning theory. During his illustrious career, he authored over 230 articles and 18 books. Knowles collected ideas about a theory of adult education from the end of World War 2, when he was introduced to the term “androgogy”. In 1966, Knowles meet Dusan Savicevic in Boston, U.S.A. Savicevic shared the term androgogy with Knowles and explained how it was used in the European context. .In 1967, Knowles made use of the term “Androgogy” to explain his theory of adult education. Then after consulting Merriam-Webster he converted the spelling of the term androgoy to andragogy and continued to make use of the term to explain his collection of ideas about adult learning. (Sopher 2003). For hundreds of years the traditional, most frequently implemented and trainer, centred approach to learning has been and still is pedagogy. Knowles defines pedagogy as “the art and science of teaching c... ... middle of paper ... ...ffs: Prentice Hall/Cambridge. Sopher, M. J. (2003). An historical biography of Malcolm S. Knowles: The remaking of an adult educator (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Continuing, Adult and Vocational Education. Bibliography E4Project. (2007): Education for Employment Project. Teaching and Learning in Further and Higher Education. A Handbook by the Education for Employment Project. Lawson,K. (2006): The Training Handbook. 2nd Edition. San Francisco: Pfeiffer. Queensland University. (2012):Occupational Therapy Fieldwork Collaborative. Adult Learning Theory and Principles http://www.qotfc.edu.au/resource/index.html?page=65375&pid=65340 Queensland University. (2012):Occupational Therapy Fieldwork Collaborative. Adult Learning Styles. http://www.qotfc.edu.au/resource/index.html?page=65340&pid=65375 .

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