How the Struggle Against the Interstate Slave Trade Led to the Civil War

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Back during the early eighteen hundreds there was still much debate about the ideal size and scope of the United States federal government. The constitution was just over twenty years old when New York State began granting trade licenses to Steamboats. Livingston and Fulton received the first of theses licenses from the state, theirs granting them exclusive use of steamboats on the New York waterways. Ogden later joined with Livingston and became the soul chief of trade on the Hudson. Concurrently Gibbons went to the United States government to gain a trade permit. New York did not accept this permit and the case commenced. The decision rendered by John Marshal would give the federal government more power than it had ever possessed up to that point and answered many questions about the role of the federal government. The government would not have nearly as much power today if not for the ruling in this case. Ogden did not originally want to partner with Livingston and Fulton; Ogden was actually one of the biggest obstacles standing between the two and a total monopoly over New York steam maritime trade. Ogden was the governor of New Jersey and found New York’s permits to be a travesty of free trade. Ogden fought the two but was ultimately forced to accept defeat. Ogden later purchased a pass from “John R. Livingston (Robert Livingston’s son, as Robert had died ten days prior February 13 1813) on behalf of the Livingston – Fulton syndicate, licens(ing) Aaron Ogden to navigate by steam from Elizabethtown, New Jersey to New York city.” (Johnson 2010, Page: 177). Gibbons joined Ogden and the two worked as partners for three years before the association collapsed. In the breakup Ogden kept ownership of the waterway pa... ... middle of paper ... ...2005) Accessed: April 19, 2014. From: http://www.infoplease.com/us/supreme-court/cases/ar12.html Johnson, Herbert A. Gibbons v. Ogden: John Marshall, Steamboats, and the Commerce Clause (Landmark Law Cases and American Society). Publisher: University Pr of Kansas (September 2, 2010) John Marshal,1801-1835 (N.D.) Lexis Nexus, accessed: April 25 From: http://www.supremecourthistory.org/history-of-the-court/chief-justices/john-marshall-1801-1835/ Morrison, Michael A. Slavery and the Commerce Power: How the Struggle against the Interstate Slave Trade Led to the Civil War (review) (2008) Accessed April 19, 2014. From: http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/cwh/summary/v054/54.1morrison.html McBride, Alex. PBS, Landmark cases: Gibbons V. Ogden (1824) (N.D.) Accessed: April 20, 2014. From: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/antebellum/landmark_gibbons.html

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