The modernist realized that this is what paralyzed the Irish society of the times. In the stories of Dubliners the legal system is replaced by the institute of religion, and it is the presence and social context of the Catholic Church which prevents the Irish community from advancement. ... ... middle of paper ... ... of stories Dubliners, James Joyce leads the reader to the conclusion that the Catholic Church took the role of a governing body, and that modernist movement was inhibited by the outdated ideas of the Catholic Church. The story “The Boarding House” provides the reader with excellent examples of a priest who overextended his role in society, and it has been shown that such an occurrence has negative effects of the society as a whole. The Catholic church as a burdensome entity is very well shown in Joyce’s’ the “The sisters”.
One example of this is a policy called plantation. This policy was to cause serious long-term consequences. Plantation involved giving loyal Protestant supporters land that had been forcibly taken from the Catholics. This practice was made easier in 1609 when the earl of Tyrone’s rebellion was defeated and 90 leading Ulster land owners fled their land enabling King James I to ‘plant’ his followers in their land. This caused great resentment among the Catholic population of Ulster.
The reformation forced the church to respond or disintegrate into oblivion in the wake of the reformation. The Catholic Church's response to the reformation was the Council of Trent. The Council of Trent set a clear dividing line between the two factions of Christianity by clearly defining the Catholic Doctrines. Protestantism varied greatly from Catholicism with regards to its doctrines, the way Protestantism spread, and the way that... ... middle of paper ... ...ambitions. The people that Catholicism were the majority of the Catholic clergy, (for obvious reasons), traditionalist, and superstitious people.
After Partition, Catholics found that they were in the minority in the Protestant controlled North. From 1922 Catholics were on the receiving end of discrimination against them, increasing numbers of civil rights marches. By 1960s tension is on both sides, violence escalated, leading to the British Troops being sent in. The reason in why the British got involved is due to a long-term history as well as short term. Ireland has always been a catholic country, but Henry 8th, Elizabeth 1 and James 1, sent Protestant settlers to Ireland, Plantation.
- Cowie. This is confirmed by the Edict of St Germaine 1562 which legally recognised the Huguenots and allowed them freedom of faith but not worship. Thus the Huguenots political power increased as the Catholic's power decreased. This slight shift in the balance of power only provoked the Catholics into further retaliation. Francis I's alternating policy towards the Huguenot's of tolerance and intolerance gave them the opportunity to increase in both numbers and strength.
The ideas for the rebellion did not originate when in church or anywhere remotely connected to religion but in court where the Nobles questioned the succession, argued that they deserved their powers and was plotting ways of getting rid of Cecil. To conclude, although religion did play a part in the rebellion of 1568-69 it was clearly not the only reason for the unrest of the Northern nobility. Power was a big cause, their pride was dented and they wanted to be powerful like their relations gone before them. The North was indeed largely Catholic and they hoped if England was to get a catholic queen in the form of Mary Stuart then the situation for them would become better, not only religiously but politically as well as socially.
This was worrying to the English rulers. So instead of sending in soldiers to defeat the Irish before a war had even started and destroying Ireland, he decided to send English Protestants over to Ireland. Land was still the main source of power, so by sending people over who were loyal to the English crown, he was gaining more power. The lands in which he sent his people over to were owned by Catholics. This process was called the 'Ulster plantations'.
The Change of the Irish Question between 1800 and 1922 The Irish Question changed dramatically between the years 1800 and 1922. The Anglican Ascendancy meant that Ireland was governed indirectly from England. The Ascendancy angered the Catholics, limited their rights and made them pay taxes to the Protestant church. This led to dissatisfaction amongst Catholics culminating in the 1798 Rebellion. This caused the British Government to become more involved with Ireland, as they began to fear that Revolution could occur.
Broughton successfully organised a commotion against this plan in favour of the continuation of state support for Anglican schools. Using this success, Protestants called for government aid for their own educational programs. When an elite committee of the New south Wales Legislative Council proposed the Irish system in1846, Catholics, concerned that the schools could become completely empowered by Protestants, joined Anglicans and other denominations, especially Wesleys, in opposing it. A compromise in 1848 agreed to separate denominational and Irish-type national schools. Although this view was strongly supported, some influential colonists wanted the financial aid to end in order to eliminate duplication and ensure that public instruction was controlled and financed by each colonial government.
It is important to elucidate the various events that are actually attributed to causing the Reformation. To summarize, it was Luther’s activities, the number of supporters he gained, the papal control of the Church, their corrupt “sales of indulgences,” the invention of the printing press, emerging social forces, Charles V’s dilemma, the internal conflict between the papacy and the council, and the rise of the national state over the Church, that worked in tandem with one another to cause the outbreak of the Reformation. The point of stringing them together in a list is to solidify the evidence. Not one of these causes could have, on its own, caused such a monumental event. With any historical event, the causes can operate on several planes to instigate a situation.