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How should Childhood Depression and Anxiety be Treated/Dealt with?

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Inquiry question: How should childhood depression and anxiety be treated/dealt with? Introduction: Clinical depression, depression, biological depression, and major depression, all refer to the same thing: feeling sad for weeks or months on end. Depressed individuals struggle with feelings of dispaer, hopelessness, and no energy; things like getting out of bed, taking a shower, and eating become hard to do. Recent evidence has validated clinical depression in children as young as age 3, but not much data is available to gauge treatment of early childhood depression (Luby, 2011). These kids are often left behind in school academically and socially. A helping hand from a teacher could make all the difference in the world to them. I would like to attempt to understand depression’s specific effects on children, who have even less control over their lives. As a future teacher I think this topic is very important; we need to be educated on how to recognize depression, and be able to offer treatments and/or help to deal with it. Discussion of research: Depression among children and young adults is common but often unrecognized. “According to the 1992 National Comorbidity Survey, at any given time, nearly 2% of children ages 7–12 in the United States have major depression. The rate of 6%–9% among late adolescents is similar to the adult rate.” (health.harvard.edu, 2002). Under the umbrella of depression we find anything from sadness to bi-polar disorder, and studies have shown the number of young people diagnosed with depression every year increases as their age decreases (Kessler, R. C. and Walters, E. E., 1998). Risk factors include mostly a family history of depression, but there are also many other possible triggers: “The... ... middle of paper ... ...R.C. and Walters, E.E. (1998). Epidemiology of DSM-lll-R Major depression and minor depression among adolescents and young adults in the national comorbidity survey. Depress. Anxiety 7:3-14. Doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1520-6394(1998)7:1<3::AID-DA2>3.0.CO;2-F 3.) Levinson, M.D, D. F., & Nichols, M.D, W.E (n.d). Major Depression and Genetics. genRED retrieved March 12, 2014, from http://depressiongenetics.stanford.edu 4.) Luby, J. (2011, October 8). Early Childhood Depression. NCBI.GOV. Retrived March 12, 2014 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/ 5.) Mcdevitt T, Ormrod J. (2013). Child Development and Education 5th Ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ.: Merrill. 6.) Park, R. J. (2010, August 31). Depression in childhood and Adolescence. Netdoctor. Retrieved March 13, 2014, from http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/diseases/depression/childhoodandadolescence_000052.htm
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