How philosophical, religious or cultural ideas legitimate the class and gender inequalities of classical civilization?

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Classical civilization and systems borrowed from religious and cultural ideas as a way of legitimating gender and class inequality. During the classical ear of civilization, most of the cultural beliefs were inherent reflections of the religious beliefs enshrined in the doctrines of either Christianity or Islam (Strayer, 2012).
For instance, Christianity formed a basis of developing inherent beliefs during the antiquity, especially the period preceding the collapse of the Roman Empire. Christian beliefs always portrayed women as lesser mortals than men. This followed the infamous belief on mandatory subordination for women, especially after marriage. Christianity demands that women should respect, and remain subordinate to their husbands .
In fact, the Christina doctrine relates to the male as being a representative of God in households. By virtue of leading the family, then men act representatives of God. Therefore, classical civilization systems that borrowed from Christianity would restrict the roles of women. As such, gender inequality became justified through the Christian doctrines.
Similarly, the Islamic religion disempowers women by creating specific roles for them. Islam considers women as mere tools for propagation of life with the ability to bring forth a child being attributed to the man. Women were to swathe their heads as a means of subordination to the males. This brought about inferiority and superiority complex among women and men, with marginalization of women. Islamic regions, especially during the antiquity, restricted the roles of women to cooking and procreation. Men would assume leadership positions. The cultural beliefs became a mirror of the Islamic doctrines. Therefore, any person deviating from the be...

... middle of paper ... and gender inequality based on rationalism. For instance, Aristotle developed the infamous ideal that some human beings were slaves by default (Strayer, 2012). Therefore, it was in their best interest for them to be enslaved. This belief coupled with the ideal that women were a representation of infertile men led to inequalities in gender and class.
In conclusion, the classical civilization borrowed significantly from religion in developing cultural practices. As such, most Islamic and Christian regions often developed class and gender inequalities. In areas where religion had minimal influence, then culture was defined by philosophical ideals.

The Bible requires that women must remain subordinate to the man who is the head of the family.
Classical civilization was the period centered on the Mediterranean Sea, relevant to Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome.

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