I will use examples and quotes from the stories "The Man With The Twisted Lip," "The Speckled Band," "The Boscombe Valley Mystery," "The Red-Headed League" and "The Noble Bachelor." In the 19th Century the Victorians views on many things were different. This includes the police force. Many Victorians thought the police were lazy, useless fools, which for the most part, was true. The police in the 19th Century hardly ever solved the crimes that were committed in Victorian England and therefore the Victorian people felt very insecure about what might happen to themselves, especially as Jack The Ripper was around at that time, murdering people as he pleased.
The cultural and historical context of the text is typical of the author but not his time because there was a contradiction between Science and religion and this novella scared people about possibilities of evil. Victorian values at this time were very strict and those people who broke them were looked down on in the social order. Jekyll was the perfect upright Victorian man, he was tall, well mannered, rich and had earned his place in society. Hyde on the other hand was short, ugly and evil. Because Jekyll is so good he needs something to take his mind off his "9 tenths life of relentless struggling and grinding".
Why do you keep alone, of sorriest fancies your companions making using those thoughts which should indeed have died with them they think on? Things without remedy should be without regard. What’s done is done.” In conclusion, modern and Elizabethan audiences are not frightened or entertained in the same way by the supernatural. Elizabethans were genuinely frightened by witches and spirits and today we are not, though Elizabethans and modern audiences are entertained by witches and spirits. However, madness, hallucinations, manipulation and murder are still as frightening today as they ever were, and are not in any way entertaining because they could happen to us.
People were also becoming increasingly interested in supernatural events such as mesmerism. These two short stories catered to the needs of the Victorians, which is probably why they were so popular. H.G Wells’ ‘Red Room’ was written in 1896. The story sees an overconfident ghost hunter trying to disprove the myth that the red room is haunted by spending a night there. Charles Dickens’ ‘The Signalman’ was written in 1866.
The audience would have almost have been scared and ready for a good fright with the inclusion of the ghost. The characters in the texts react in a similar way to the audience would have. In Hamlet they are initially frightened by the appearance of a supernatural entity, and think that there is evil forthcoming. In The Spanish Tragedy, no one has any contact with the ghosts, but they are still affected by the death of Andrea and seek to take vengeance for this unnatural act.
Many historians say to these records that since their body was put under so much strain and fear of the witchcraft that surrounded them all the time, their bodies going through strange changes such as paralysis or temporary blindness with no real cause rather than stress. But many historians also believe the witnesses were voluntarily acting and committing fraud against the others. But why was this such an enigma to understand why this small town in New England was all of a sudden becoming a cen... ... middle of paper ... ...all. He highly stressed that the different factors of change of business, Quaker ministers preaching to the Puritans, and overall disagreement of ideas among the townspeople. He doesn’t seem to think that the people deliberately accused their rivals of witchcraft and not committing fraud but involuntarily fed into the lies they were told and had strange reactions when told to convey what they saw.
The very idea that such an evil and frightening creature could exist shocked and aroused the curiosity of many people at this time. Society in the last century was extremely corrupt and immoral, the novel ‘Frankenstein’ reflects this, in which an innocent creature is shunned by society because of it’s abnormal and somewhat shocking appearance. Nowadays, people are still enticed by fear, they have a curiosity for the supernatural, evil and frightening. Although modern day society is supposedly politically correct, we are still an immoral society and many of us would treat a creature like Frankenstein’s creation or a vampire like Dracula like a monster. In this way, the novels still have social significance.
The reason behind him burying his sister is that he is sick in the head. As a reader our minds do not see this reason because our imagination distracts us from it. Instead of paying attention to why he buried her the reader is picturing Usher burying her alive for no reason. Your imagination likes to twist situation when fear occurs. There are infographics in “ How to Tell You’re Reading a Gothic Novel”, by Adam Frost and Zhenia Vasiliev that tell us how certain things said in the story that are suppose to surprise the reader making them fear the story.
Dickens has written other illustrious books, such as “Christmas Carol”, “Great Expectations”, and “Oliver Twist”. Also in my analysis I will be briefly mentioning “The Clubfooted Grocer” (by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle), “The Monkey’s Paw” (by W. Jacobs) and “The Tell Tale Heart” by (Edgar Allan Poe). All of these celebrated stories, like most Victorian stories, are short and their genre is gothic horror. Short gothic horror stories were the main form of entertainment in this time period, as there was a lack of electricity then. These stories are strongly related to Victorian beliefs, which were mainly superstition.
They are afraid to do or say anything against Abigail or the girls even though the town believes that the girls are telling the truth. The witch hunt that occurred in The Crucible can be attributed to the theme of Authority and Power and since the community believed in those in a position of power, the abuses that these people did and their need for control increased the severity of the events. Had the town not placed such power in the hands of these girls and in the hands of strangers such as Rev. Hale and judge Danforth many lives would have been saved. The beliefs of the town gave those in a position of power a want for control and they began to stop at nothing to achieve that.