Pip is physically and mentally alone in his surroundings; he has no sense of belonging. This helps the reader empathize Pip’s helplessness and isolation. The wet and marshy scenery resemble a distorted nature, which reflects the events happening in Pip’s life. The graveyard symbolizes death and terror. It is in the graveyard that Pip realizes the death of his parents and encounters Magwich.
By doing this Dickens has deliberately created a felling of solitude and helplessness and makes the reader feel and identify with Pip. Dickens tells us the churchyard is overgrowing with nettles and there are gravestones all around the area. Instantly the graveyard creates a morbid feeling, and knowing that Pip’s dead relatives are surrounding him produces a scary feeling, that you wouldn’t want to be in yourself. The reader becomes worried that a young child is in such a place alone, which adds to the dread that something might go wrong. Dickens also uses weather to create atmosphere and tension by making it seem bitter, and cruel.
The marshes reflect Pip’s identity and emotions because they include a graveyard where Pip’s parents are buried and obviously Pip is feeling very emotional. The book says the marshes are, ‘that dark flat wilderness beyond the church'. This is what Pip is feeling inside himself. Dark and bleak feelings. This also gives off the impression that it is a very depressing and scary place to be but Pip doesn’t care as it is the only refuge from his dreaded, evil sister, Mrs Joe Gargery, and to be in the place with the ones he loves, his family.
Puritans believe there is no hope for a sinner. Hawthorne uses a variety of writing techniques to condemn the rigidity of Puritanism. For example, Hawthorne uses a wide variety of diction to create a mystical and hopeless mood. As Brown walks into the "dreary" forest, an " uncertain" feeling comes over him as he looks ahead to the "gloom" awaiting him. The forest is very dark and dreary and these words help create the eerie mood.
He would go on to write fifteen major novels, numerous short stories, and even more articles until his death on June 9, 1870. He currently resides in Poet’s Corner, Westminster Abbey, a grave that once was overflowing with mourner’s flowers. “Among the more beautiful bouquets were many simple clusters of wildflowers, wrapped in rags.” was my favorite part of the biography, but to finish off. Alas, I close. Charles Dickens, no matter how happy his stories seem occasionally, experienced great hardships in his life.
In 1836 Charles Dickens married Catherine Hogarth and they had 10 children together but one died. Dickens and Hogarth split up in 1858 after a 22yr marriage. Also in 1836 Charles became editor of a monthly magazine called ‘Bentley's miscellany’ which would see instalments of some of the most famous novels to date including ‘Oliver Twist’ and ‘Nicholas Nickelby’. These were all published in instalments which affected the structure of a book because every week there would be a cliff hanger which would make the reader want to buy the next instalment so they can find out what happens. He began to fight for community issues such as education reform, slum clearance and sanitary measures.
“Ours was the marsh country (…) I found out for certain, that this bleak place overgrown with nettles was the churchyard”. ‘overgrown’ suggests that the churchyard has been abandoned and not cared for. ‘nettles’ is another gothic element because nettles are unwanted weeds that don’t look nice. This further emphasises the abandonment of the churchyard. Another technique Dickens uses in ‘Great Expectations’ to engage the reader in this book is the strong characterisation of each character.
This description suggests that Pip could see for miles along the marshland and could also see if there was anybody else around. The fact that Pip is supposedly alone in the graveyard also adds an element of eeriness to the chapter. Dickens uses alliteration to describe the horizon as a “low leaden line” here he is using alliteration to refer to the horizon and by using the word “leaden” he is describing how dark, grey and heavy the horizon is. When we meet the convict he is made to seem frightening to the “small bundle of shivers” which is Pip. Dickens describes the convicts appearance, words and actions as terrifying.
The setting when Magwich first appears is at the “graveyard” there seems to be an air of death, raw and gloomy setting. The setting seems too described in great depth as if it’s important to the story; the setting seems to mirror Magwich bleak and raw and lonely and isolated. This seems to represent his life and neglection. Whereas the same setting for Pip is peaceful place to remember his late mother and father, seemingly now he is left with this elder sister who treats him and her blacksmith husband, Joe, terribly. As well as this when we first meet Miss Havisham in chapter 8 she is described with a lengthy description also.
Dickens attention to detail is fascinating, ‘So furious had been the gusts…rages of wind’ It is like the world is revolving around Pip; he is having a miserable time, and the winds are destroying the city. Dickens uses a technique that is used in most ‘scary’ settings, Pip hears the footsteps of the stranger outside his room, he begins to be paranoid, it’s dark, bad weather, his sister is dead and he is all alone, then he hears a footstep which makes him jump he fears (as an imagination) that it is his ‘dead sister’. Dickens creates more suspense as Pip has remembered that the stair lights are out, so he will not be able to see who is downstairs, At the point where the stranger says Pip’s name, everything freezes, for the reader and Pip, we begin to think who is this man? Who comes out of nowhere and knows Pip? This creates more tension within the chapter on how the weather,