Despite the excessive bloodshed that dominated the era, the French Revolution’s violence was not in vain, for the legacy of the revolution has ignited scores of independence movements in its wake and inspired new ideologies that continue to shape the modern world. To resolve the chaos that the revolution provoked, the Third Estate of France wrote many reforms that would improve the government and form the basis of many future revolutionaries’ ideas. King Louis XVI required each of his Estates to write grievances, called cahiers, to address issues that each Estate wished to have fixed. In their "Cahier of 1789", the Third Estate confronts the Estates General's lack of participation within the French government and its corrupt legal system, both of which are major issues among the French lower classes (Doc. 6).
In the early 19th century a man by the name of Napoleon Bonaparte led a Coup D’etat that created a new government in France. This new government started out with a tribunal leadership, which Napoleon was first consul, and later changed to an empire with Napoleon as emperor. Some people believe that he made the revolution better and expanded the revolution but this is not true. The facts, when closely looked at, prove that Napoleon effectively destroyed the revolution by telling the people of his country one thing while he was actually planning on doing something totally different. He deceived people so well that he is still convincing people today that he was a defender of the revolution.
Amidst the hectic French Revolution, a groundbreaking politician named Robespierre surfaced and drove an entire nation into what would be the darkest, bloodiest stage of its history. Known as the Reign of Terror, this time period established how far a society could go for what they considered to be their birthrights. Numerous deaths, many of them brought upon by the infamous guillotine, guaranteed that the entire country was on the same revolutionary path. Some might say that violence is never justifiable; however, there was no other way for change to happen. The Reign of Terror was an understandable method to silence foreign threats; dissipate local counterrevolutionaries; and thus emphasize the cherished ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity in the forthcoming democracy.
Unlike the leaders of America, the leaders of the French did not turn out to be as positive for the country. In fact, some of these leaders caused much more harm than good. These leaders taught the French people more about what type of government would be the best option for them. One of the most radical, and extreme leaders was Maximilien Robespierre. The duration of his dictatorship was known as "Reign of Terror."
Throughout history, revolutions have started because of new ideas that change thinking and disrupt what has come to be considered normal. During 1700s, the American, French, and Haitian Revolutions were no exception. The Enlightenment ideas that were spreading around this time lead people of these three nations to question their ruling elites, and to begin considering breaking free. Of these three, though, no one revolt can be seen as more radical when compared to the other two. Each was faced with the challenging task of successfully separating from the oppression that had been brought upon them by to powerful empires and monarchies who had lost sight of what the American, French, and Haitian people alike considered important, as well as being some of the first revolts to use radical Enlightenment ideas to justify each of their rebellions.
Schama is also right in that some men were too radical and their new found power went to their head. All said and done, the French Revolution was a bloody time in history, but it paved the way for a new democratic system not only for France but for many other countries as well.
Not too long after the revolution started, one political party called the Girondins took control and led the revolution. The Moderates lasted about tw... ... middle of paper ... ...poleon was one of the greatest things that happened to France because his laws and codes that he made when he was the Emperor affected countries all around the world (Defronzo, 286). And while his laws did not consistently and continuously stay in France, some similar ideas came and went throughout the rest of the history of France. All of these points come together to show how important and significant The Reign of Terror was. It was a big part of the French Revolution which was an even bigger part of European history because it involved so many other countries as well.
His military success led him to travelling all around the world beating uncanny odds and striking fear into his enemies’ eyes. His military success even led him to capture the powerful nation of Italy and become its supreme ruler for a short term. Not all the change Napoleon Bonaparte made to France was military. The change within Frances borders formerly consists in the way education was run in France, the political standpoint of France, and mostly importantly the Napoleon Code which has many values that France and many democratic countries use today. Napoleon was a very controversial character in his time, some even say he had openly betrayed the revolution.
One of the few features that remain constant throughout the revolution is that it was a reactionary force. The actions of the revolutionaries, although guided by ideals and morals of building a better France, were propelled mostly by mixture of fear and rage at certain groups with a perceived advantage over the masses. The events of the French Revolution are tightly interconnected to each other, the actions of a previous government causes the next one to compensate in the opposite direction. This tendency to react to the present, both when groups fought to obtain power and when they attempted to keep it, lacked the foresight necessary to form any lasting stability in the French nation. This view of the nature of the French Revolution also sheds some light on why it isn’t possible to form a cohesive description of the French Revolution as a whole.
The long term effects of the French Revolution was that Napoleon became Emperor and started Napoleonic Wars. After the revolution the idea of revolution spread all over Europe. Which in turn helped the growth of Nationalism. Also the conservative people saw how the country was and didn't like it and only the radicals liked it. In conclusion, there were many causes that started the French Revolution.