Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduce life expectancy and/or increased health problems. Obesity has been a health problem ever since infectious disease had began in the first half of the 20th Century. The person with obesity is not the only person who is affected by their disease. In the case of childhood obesity, It can affect the parents because they might be the cause of the child’s issues. It can also lead to many different health problems such as cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and respiratory problems, and it can also even lead to death.
Extra energy is stored as body fat when the energy consumption surpasses the energy expenditure. Obesity is characterized through Body Max Index (BMI), distribution of fat, measuring body composition, and insulin resistance (WHO). Obesity is a public health issue due to the complications it leads to later in life. Obese individuals are more susceptible in obtaining health problems such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes, therefore have a higher risk of mortality (WHOgoogle). Yet not only is obesity a problem of the individual but of society as well.
Many obese adults accumulate illnesses such as high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, or even gallbladder disease (Koplan and Dietz 441). Likewise, Gawande supports Koplan and Dietz when he includes "Obesity substantially increases the risk of respiratory failure, heart attacks, wound infections, hernias-almost every complication possible including death" (504). Likewise, obesity and its medical issues are having an effect across the globe. The U.N. has proclaimed that the dominant health issue is obesity and the effects it has medically (Crister 462). Obesity causes many harmful side effects to the natural human makeup.
Obesity can contribute to many adverse health outcomes, called co-morbidities. These include diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular disease” (Atkinson 1999). According to the American Medical Association, being obese means that 30% of your ideal body weight is constituted by fat. Obesity is determined by measurement of body fat, not merely body weight. People might be over the weight limit for normal standards, but if they are very muscular with low body fat, they are not obese.
Obesity is and can be the cause of multiple health risks and health effects in adults. One of the great risk factors of being obese is the effect it can have on reproduction in both women and men. Obesity can influence different aspects of reproduction in women such as sexual activity, conception, and ovulation. Also, new research shows that obesity is a contributor to infertility in women. Women who were obese were 43 percent less likely to get pregnant than normal-weight or just slightly overweight women.
According to guidelines from the World Health Organization (WHO), overweight in adults is defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 25.0 to 29.9, and obesity is defined as a BMI of 30.0 or higher 7. High body fat also increases the risk of several diseases such as diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension, which leads to arteriosclerotic disease and metabolic syndrome 8. Consequently, obesity and related cardiovascular complications are increasing alarmingly both in developed and developing countries. Adipocyte dysfunction and inflammation contribute the various complications associated with obesity. Recently, adipose tissues are c... ... middle of paper ... ...l. A water-soluble extract from Cucurbita moschata shows anti-obesity effects by controlling lipid metabolism in a high fat diet-induced obesity mouse model.
Do you know that over one-half of all Americans, are overweight or even obese? Obesity is a chronic disorder of having too much blubber and it also show someone weight that is greater than what is measured to be healthy. Obesity could affect anyone from young to old. There are many cause that lead up to obesity for example eat too much, genetics, hormones, the atmosphere, and lack of exercise. There are many special effects of obesity corresponding to obesity for example health problems, hopelessness, eating problems, and even demise.
Obese and overweight conditions link directly with other communicable diseases such as diabetes and cardiac malfunctions at a younger age. Severe cases of childhood obesity place the victim at higher risks of death of the individual during adulthood (Cameron, 2006). Like any other disease and conditions, obese and overweight conditions can be prevented. In order to deal with cardiac and diabetes, childhood obesity needs to be dealt with during its initial stages. Childhood obesity is a condition linked to several causative factors.
Obesity is medical condition where excess body fat accumulates to an extent that it becomes harmful to the body. Medical practitioners consider obesity a chronic and life-long disease like diabetes and high blood pressure. The disease has long-term effects for health. In fact, it is the second leading cause of preventable deaths in the United States of America. Obesity affects both adults and children but it is more chronic to young children.
It is also vital to note that despite the increasing association between obesity and mental health, this relationship has been inconsistently confirmed in literature. For instance, researchers have established that as a child grows to yound adulthood, the prevalence of obesity and depression increases. Certain prospective studies and a significant number of cross sectional studies have alluded to the link between obesity and depression. However, a precise summary of the links between the two conditions is unavailable in literature (Health Promotion & Behavioral Sciences Management & Yagnik, 2009, p. 4).