The Franco-Mexican War
The Franco-Mexican War was a war fought by two very
different countries then they are today. The war was fought
over reasons that seem very unlikely to arise ever again
between these two countries. The war was fought over
gaining territory, group thinking, and just pure human
Nature. These are
America obtained a pinpoint on the global map at the turn of the 19th century. The Spanish American war was a turning point in American history in that it changed the political, social, and economic aspects of society. Prior to the war, America was focused on itself as a nation and expanding nationally. However, at this period in time, the U.S. decided to expand beyond national borders and partake in the global market. By participating in this war, the U.S. was exposed to the concepts and practices of imperialism, yellow journalism, and jingoism. As demonstrated in Crucible of Empire, the Spanish American War altered American society by adopting imperialism, yellow journalism, and jingoism.
The Spanish-American War allowed the United States to acquire large amounts of territories. The Spanish-American War happened in the year 1898, and was obviously between the United States and Spain. The start of the war was caused by Cuba’s want and struggle for independence from Spain. American sympathy for the Cuban rebels grew as Spain took to more hostile tactics to calm the rebellion in Cuba. The United States newspapers showed great anger and hatred towards Spain’s hostility towards Cuba during the rebellion. Because the United States became independent from another country, the people of the United States at that time must have felt a connection with Cuba, and wanted to help Cuba free itself of the struggle for independence, because the United States also struggled. The United States wanted to help Cuba so much, most likely due to the reason stated above. The entirety of the Spanish-American war began with Cuba’s struggle for independence, but some other countries and islands also got in the middle of the battling and bargaining. The Philippines and
...litary’s militant actions and general unrest, leaving Spain vulnerable and Spaniards angry, confused and prone to revolt. It was the combination of all of these which led to the Spanish Civil War breaking out, as just one of these factors could have led to discomfort in Spain but certainly not enough to start a War. All of these collaborative factors ultimately are what led to the strikes and uprisings from the people and it was probably the oppressive way in which these were handled which demanded radical action from some Spaniards, and they happened to be the military. However, in regard to the question the most important factor for the SCW breaking out when it did, in 1936, was the military’s contribution as it was their failure to successfully rise up in all parts of Spain which led to the stalemate that began the war on the date it did.
Throughout the inter-war period of 1919-1938, two main political movements were evident throughout Europe. Communism in the Soviet Union had been gaining strength and power under the rule of the Bolsheviks. Further West, Totalitarian ideologies were rising in the main European states, many of which had been involved in the wartime alliance. Mussolini's brand of Fascism was taking hold in Italy. The Spanish Civil war in the 1930's left Franco as dictator of the Spanish political system. Hitler's rise to power as leader of the newly formed Nazi Party in Germany, expanded fascist control in Western Europe.
(1936–39), military revolt against the Republican government of Spain, supported by conservative elements within the country. When an initial military coup failed to win control of the entire country, a bloody civil war ensued, fought with great ferocity on both sides. The Nationalists, as the rebels were called, received aid from fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. The Republicans received aid from the Soviet Union, as well as from International Brigades, composed of volunteers from Europe and the United States.
From July 1936 to 1939 was the time of Spanish Civil War. Germany and Italy sent troops and equipment to the Spanish army rebels, these were led by General Franco in an attempt to overthrow the elected republican government. General Franco asked Hitler (Nazi) and Mussolini (Fascist) to aid the nationalists. Hitler agreed and ordered three major military operations in Spain during the Spanish Civil War. The German Condor Air Legion used this as an experiment to test the Luftwaffe's capability by sending over 250 aircrafts, this caused the destruction of the city of Gurnica. At the height of the war, there were a total of about 20,000 Germans fighting in Spain. After General Franco's request and with Hitler's encouragement, Mussoli...
...y fresh, and many Spaniards are going to fight so that no laws or policies resemble those of the time of the dictatorship. The 1900s were a time of political radicalism, war, restrictions, and unhappiness for most people. Those with strict Catholic beliefs weren’t hurt as much during that time, and they aren’t opposing any current reforms. Spain has moved forward to a democracy because of Juan Carlos, and no one would ever like to go back to a dictatorship. The time of Francisco Franco will never be forgotten, and it will always have an impact on how Spaniards want their government to be. Spain has been moving forward ever since the constitutional monarchy was established. Although there are some controversies and conflicts, that occurs in every country. They have moved past the time of the Nationalists and Republicans and are moving into a time of the people.
In the 1952 novel, Homage to Catalonia, George Orwell relates his experiences in the Spanish Civil War. In 1937 Orwell traveled to Spain to cover The Spanish Civil War for a British newspaper, but soon after he arrived he joined the P.O.U.M Militia and fought against Francisco Franco. The Spanish Civil War started when Franco, a Spanish general, led a revolt against the republican government. Franco, although not a fascist himself, was backed by Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, the Spanish Church, Fascists in Spain, and large Spanish landowners. A group of leftist parties, known as the Popular Front, which included republicans, communists, socialists, Anarchists, and communist Russia formed a coalition against the Franco's army. Orwell, was sent to the front, however Orwell had a much different experience. Unlike the well-trained killers, heavy casualties, and numerous artillery that Paul faced; Orwell describes the front as boring and full of poorly trained men with a lack of decent weapons. However, Orwell still endured the squalor and horrid conditions. During the course of the war Orwell discovers that the internal and international politics behind The Spanish Civil War are far more complicated that he first perceived. Based on the information and experiences that Orwell shared in his novel, If I was forced to be a part of the Spanish Civil War, and I had to choose one party I would be an Anarchist. I would choose to be part of the Anarchist party because they fought against communist and they believed in being separate from the government.
Spain was not always a democratic state, up until 1939 Spain was a Monarch Regime. Many people wanted to move away from the Royal Monarch and move towards a form of democracy. But the King, Alfonso XIII, had enough power to prevent a fair election. In 1936, civil war broke out in Spain, there was a lot of violence and corruption during this time. The civil war ended in 1939 when General Franco is crowned king. He lead Spain through a 40 year dictatorship. While in office, Franco repressed the culture and language of Spain, censured the media and had complete power over the state. General Franco was also known for practising facism and having the support of many fascist groups including the Nazi party.
As World War II begins Spain’s civil war starts to end, which ties Spain to the war to come. Spain in the beginning didn’t want to be involve in the war, Francisco Franco decided to be neutral. Then again were they really neutral? Francisco Franco made the decision to send out Spanish volunteers to aid Hitler in the fight against Spain’s number one enemy, Russia, he also thought it was a good way to repay him back for the help he gave during Spain’s civil war. He sends a group of volunteers called the Blue Division, which was a regiment who fought under the command of Hitler against the Soviet forces Franco only allowed volunteers to join under strict guidelines they would only fight against Soviet on the Eastern Front and not against the Allies. Doing this he could keep Spain at peace with the Allies while repaying Hitler back with the help he gave during a major turning event in Spain. “Hitler approved Spanish volunteers on June 24, 1941. Recruits had to be between 20 and 28 years old if they wanted to join. Care was taken to sign up volunteers from various educational backgrounds, military service, and occupations.”(Kleinfeld) Volunteers flocked to the recruiting offices in Spain. “In Spain, there was no shortage of volunteers and though only 4,000 men were initially required, the overwhelming response prompted the authorities to set the goal of a full division, which in the Spanish Army equaled 19,000 men” (Bianchi) About half the volunteers were professional soldiers, most of them were veterans of the Spanish Civil War. While others were members of the Spanish Fascist party, or had ties to with the Republic or to help their family in Franco’s prisons.
Goldstein, Tom. "Nazi Germany and the Spanish Civil War: Continuity in Hitler's Foreign Policy." Janus. Janus; the University of Maryland Undergraduate History Journal, Feb. 2002. Web. 4 Feb. 2014.
The White Terror consisted of acts of violence against the Spanish people during the Nationalist movement in Spain. Mass executions by the Nationalists had begun with the start of the war and continued into Francisco Franco's dictatorship. The E,lange believed that these acts of violence were the best way to eliminate the leftist ideas that were held by the Republicans as and their supporters. The way to advance their regime was to eliminate the opposition. Upon capturing an area of land, there were drastic social changes that were used in the name of the regime. The actions of the Nationalists also had negative effects on the nation's economy as many of the people who fell victim to the wartime practices were important to the workforce, causing a shortage of laborers in the areas that were captured.
The Spanish Civil War began in July of 1936, and ended in April 1939. Spain of the early 1930s was a deeply divided nation. There were two main factions in Spain- those of the left, and those on the right. Contrary to the political system in the United States, on the left were the Republicans (also called Loyalists) and on the right were the Nationalists. The Republicans were a conglomerate of many groups that banded together over the main thing they had in common—their opposition to fascism. This group consisted of Communists, monarchists, socialists, anarchists, and many of the common people (such as peasants and factory workers). On the Right, the Nationalists comprised of the middle to upper classes, Catholic Church supporters, and of course, those who fully supported a fascist regime .
The Spanish civil war of 1936-1939 was an important conflict in Spain’s history. This war was initiated by a military revolt led by General Francisco Franco on the 17 July 1936 and ended with Franco’s victory on the 1 April, 1939. This victory resulted in the replacement of the Second Spanish Republic with the conservative dictatorship of Franco. This conflict triggered the clash of the various cultures and ideologies within Spain. One important example of an ideological clash was that of Communism versus Fascism. This clash was so important that, based on an analysis of the level of involvement of Fascist and Communist factions in said clash, one must concede that the conflict between Communism and Fascism was represented to a great degree by the Spanish Civil war.