How Did The Industrial Revolution Affect The Development Of New English Language Typefaces?

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How did the industrial revolution affect the development of new English language typefaces in the United States and Western Europe during the 19th century? The Industrial Revolution was a period of radical social and economic change beginning in England during the late 18th century. Cities grew rapidly as large groups of people left a subsistence existence looking for employment in factories. All sorts of industries were changing, especially printing and design. No longer was type just needed for the publication of books and newspapers, but there was now a commercial need for advertisement. The 19th century witnessed an astonishing succession of new technologies, imaginative forms, and new functions for graphic design. It was an inventive and prolific period for new typeface designs, ranging from fanciful and outrageous novelty styles to entirely new categories of type such as Egyptians and sans serif. This is a topic worthy of study because the way in which communicate with the world says a lot about the people doing the communicating.
This paper will argue that the industrial revolution allowed for the proliferation of fonts in the 19th century for two main reasons. First, there was an unprecedented need for new and eye-catching lettering to grab the attention of consumers a new variety of choices on the market. Secondly, the creation of new fonts was more affordable than ever due to the advancements in technology during the industrial revolution.
Early Typography
Humans have been using written language to communicate ideas with one another since as early as 3200 BCE in Mesopotamia. Since then, every great civilization has had a written language, each with its own unique characteristics. However, it was the writin...

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...echnology permitted these demands to be met at an unprecedented rate. As a result, the 19th century was an inventive and prolific period for new typeface designs, ranging from new categories such as Egyptians and sans serif to fanciful and outrageous novelty styles.
Wood-type printing allowed new typefaces to be created and used for printing cheaper than ever before. Technological advances permitted machine-set typography to be printed on machine-manufactured paper with high-speed steam-powered printing presses. The use of color lithography passed the aesthetic experience of colorful images from the privileged few to the whole of society.
It was no longer enough for the 26 letters of the alphabet to function only as phonetic symbols. The industrial age transformed these signs into abstract visual forms projecting a variety of shapes to be consumed by the public eye.
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