As a country founded on the many cultures drawn to a promise of a better life, the United States sees immigrants as vital to its expansion. Beginning with the first European settlements in 1607, America has since experienced successive waves of immigration that have risen and fallen over time. Throughout history, immigrants have helped form a distinct and unique political and social culture while providing labor for the growing economy. Immigrants shaped America. In the past, Americans embraced different cultures and assimilated new ideas, yet always maintained a strong sense of loyalty to the principles by which the country was founded on – life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Immigration meant more opportunities for innovators, scholars,
Overall, there are different parts of Cuba that has allowed it to flourish in ways profitable from not only an economic standpoint but also from the perspective of the citizens. From the diverse culture of the country to the average climate conditions, Cuba seems like a location that would be pleasant for tourists yet able to sustain an adequate amount of life. Based on the research, a day in the life of the Cubans would be filled with much hard work, a meal that includes the staple of rice and joyous noises from the music that originated from themselves by being musically inclined. This culture is one that encompasses many parts in order to function though it seems, but it does hold a family oriented structure that allows for a close niche in the community. Despite having to enter many wars and work hard in order to gain complete independence, the Cuban culture has become well oriented and has much stability. Each culture has downfalls and must work through them in order to gain a level of self-discipline, and Cuba is a firm example of how they initially survived in caves and had only wood and stone to create artifacts. There have always been parts of the society that were more advanced in literacy and had sources of income that could allow them to survive. Rituals and ways of survival have been passed
Immigration can be defined as passing foreigners to a country and making it their permanent residence. Reasons ranging from politics, economy, natural disasters, wish to change ones surroundings and poverty are in the list of the major causes of immigration in both history and today. In untied states, immigration comes with complexities in its demographic nature. A lot of cultural and population growth changes have been witnessed as a result of immigration. In the following paper, I will focus on how immigration helps United States as compared to the mostly held view that it hurts America.
Cuba’s colorful history can be documented to before the days of the American Revolution in 1776, but today, American policy directly affects many Cubans’ lifestyles because of a nearly 45-year-old trade embargo that has been placed on the island nation. It is crucial to analyze the development of Cuba and its neighboring island nations in order to discern the reasons for Cuba’s current political situation with the United States. The following paper will discuss the events that shaped Cuba and larger Caribbean nations like Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Jamaica; next, a detailed description of Cuba’s turbulent history will help in explaining the Cuban transformation into a socialist economy; then, a detailed account of the U.S. embargo on Cuba will document the ups and downs of the policy all the way to the present day; finally, the current news surrounding American-Cuban relations will depict the most recent happenings in the ongoing disputes between the two nations.
The legacy of slavery and the legacy of systematic racial discrimination imposed on Afro-Cubans are grim realities that are imbedded in Cuban societal and cultural fibers. Despite the abolition of slavery in 1886 and its gaining of independence in 1902 Cuban society, politics, and ideology have been haunted with the specter of the ‘race issue.’ According to Aline Helg, "the myth of Cuban racial equality has proved remarkably enduring, even since the revolution of 1959" (p. 247). Thus, in order to comprehend the current political and social conditions in Cuba as well as the conditions that led to the revolution in 1959 one must examine the afro-Cuban struggle for equality that emerged at the turn of the 20th century.
January 1st 1959 is one of the most important days in Cuba’s history and has had substantial effects on many other countries. When Castro over took Batista’s government Castro was gaining in popularity, especially with the middle class and peasants who wanted change. Two of the countries most affected by the take over were the Soviet Union and United States. After the take over the Soviet Union paid one hundred million credits for Cuban sugar, it’s primary export. Over the next few years Castro and the Soviet Union became closer. On December 2 1961, Castro publicly announced that he was a Marxist-Leninist and would remain that way until the day died. Cuba became the first Communist country in the Western Hemisphere, and this worried the United States who was in the midst of the Cold War with the Soviet Union In October of 1960 The United States declared a trade embargo against Cuba. Then on January 3, 1961, the United States broke all diplomatic relations with Cuba. This pushed Cuba closer to the Soviet Union and led eventually to the Cuban missile crisis. The United states has been obsessed with the idea that the Soviet Union is using Cuba as a surrogate foster of Marxist subversion throughout the Caribbean, Central and South America
There are two Cubas. On the Island are revolutionaries crusading to construct a Cuba that combats any attempt to subjugate her spirit to the US hegemony. On the (main)land are the modernists who look toward the United States as the guide and hope for revitalizing a Post-Castro Cuba. Consequently, the Cuban community is divided into two antagonistic camps: Resident Cubans living under Castro's Marxist regime, and Exilic Cubans living under a global capitalist system. Due to these political and economic differences, we Cubans are a people divided against ourselves.
In the long and turbulent history between Cuba and the United States, it can well be argued that Cuba did not turn out quite like its other Latin American peers. Things seemed to be on the right track in the early 1900’s, when it appeared that Cuba was destined for a future of “independence”, like its neighbour Puerto Rico and it was yet another South American nation rife with the now atypical blend of affluent American investors and poor workers usually native to the land herself. However, following a coup d’état that saw the fall of the American-backed Fulgencio Batista in favour of his social antithesis in communist Fidel Castro, the situation rapidly turned sour. The American government, finding themselves backed into a corner and unable to mold Cuba in its golden image, decided that it would be pertinent to sever all trade with Cuba.
The United States, a nation founded on a variety of cultural backgrounds, is distinctly shaped by the waves of mass immigration that have occurred since the settling of the original colonies. For hundreds of years, the country has been shaped by the diversity of it’s growing population. With such a large demographic of different cultures, our society stands out through the variety of customs and social habits. Migration to the United States has deeply impacted the foundations of our society, which has molded our societal, economic, and political processes.
Cubans have sought to control their own destiny for over a century. As Spanish power continued to dwindle in the nineteenth century, many of its subjects in the New World began to demand greater control over their own future. For these future liberty combatants, the ruling elite of Spain seemed to promise only a continued future of decadence and economic decline. Cuba, ever the crown jewel of the Spanish empire, proved to be no exception to this line of thought. In the 1890s, with military aid from the United States, Cuba won its independence from Spain, but it had yet to gain complete control over its own destiny. It appeared too many Cubans as if they had only replaced one master with another, Spain for the United ...
Gonzalez states that in the 1960s to the 1970s much of the immigration consisted of the upper and middle class which brought with them valuable technical skills (109). There are often negative views associated with the immigration of Latino immigrants but the initial migration of Cubans in the 1960s is a rare exception to this. These immigrants found jobs and pay in organizations and places such as the CIA, Constructions companies, and factories. Juan Gonzalez argues that the united states government provided assistance programs under the 1966 Cuban adjustment act; These are programs, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans and other Latinos never received (110). Cubans perhaps received this treatment due to the nature of Fidel Castro and the intense anti-communist views of the US at that time. This special treatment came to a halt says Gonzalez in 1994 when Clinton stated that refugees were to be detained and denied automatic entry just like any other immigrants (108). This action was what many would say a form of oppression that Mexicans and other Latinos had been experiencing for years. There is an argument that Cubans must cross part of the sea to reach the United states and that was the reason for such a great welcoming. Similarly Mexicans must also cross an obstacle of their own which is often a very large and hot desert but yet they have never received
When immigrants started to migrate to America many brought with them their ideals and their costumes. With these new ideas and costumes came a change in America to its identity, citizenship system, regional identity and racial identity. Additionally, these changes had major effects on the American people at the time.
Immigration has been commonplace in the United States from our founding fathers immigrating from Europe, to forceful immigration from the slave trade, to the thousands that came through Ellis Island. Immigration has helped to diversify our country to become what we recognize today. But our many policies and current systems are not without criticism as our country and world continues to
For hundreds of years, Cuba experienced ongoing severe inequality and slavery on the basis of race. Historically, the Spanish who brought slaves from Africa colonized Cuba from which the Cuban race was socially and economically constructed. The Spanish rulers were of the elite while the African servants were of the lowest social class (Marcus, 2013). Ever since these early days, Afro-Cubans—Cubans with African ancestry, are labeled solely upon their skin color, which defines their position on the social hierarchy. Blackness is associated with slavery (Roland, 2011). Thus, the lighter one’s skin, the further away from slavery. Afro-Cubans who are dark skinned realize that despite being Cuban, their skin color differentiates them from lighter skinned Euro-Cubans (Marcus, 2013). However, hope starts to emerge for the Afro-Cubans when Fidel Castro becomes the government’s leader in 1959. Castro embarks on a revolution (Marcus, 2013) that dramatically alters the lives of the black citizens socially and economically. Through time, globalization, and the revolution, meanings and perceptions of race and race relations in Cuba changes, specifically in education, job opportunities, and social status.