Q1. What has motivated you to chose this particular topic?
A1. The history of the area today known as Scotland has a rich history of expansion, war, and culture. Ever since I was little I have know that my last name, Graham, was of strong Scottish origin.
A leader is someone who can take charge of a situation and be able to make the right decisions in a short amount of time. A leader works well with others and those around him follow his instructions. Some people are natural leaders and others only think they should be in charge, but all of them are nothing without people to direct. The choice to take on the responsibility of leadership is hardly ever one’s own, especially when one is a member of the royal family and has to take command because of his bloodline. To become king is an honour that passes through a family that has earned the respect of the country. Sometimes though, the person who receives this honour is not right for the position and needs to step down by his own will or by force. Other times the heir to the throne has the perfect balance of attributes and is able to lead the country to prosperity. In literature, kings are often the main leaders and all fit into different categories both good and bad. One piece of writing where this categorization is the case is in the tragedy of Macbeth by William Shakespeare. Throughout the play, multiple characters that have different qualities and strengths hold the title of king. Two of the characters, Duncan and Macbeth, who become king die because of their positions and their leadership styles. Meanwhile, the fate of the third king, Malcolm, is unknown but gives a sense of hope and stability for Scotland. Macbeth develops these characters through their leadership types of leading from afar, leading by control, and leading by example.
William follows in his fathers footsteps and he begins his long quest to make Scotland free
But while the histories’ plots are largely concerned with the acquisition of political power, their themes can be said to focus more on the exercise of such power. At its heart, the Great Tetralogy is a discourse on the qualities of the ideal ruler. A comparison of Richard II and Henry V, and the way each wields political power, will serve to illuminate this point. Ultimately, Henry V is an effective king bec...
An Appendix entitled “Royal Lines of Descent” summarizes lineages for ruling monarchs in the seven English dynasties that have ruled England from Saxon to Modern Time. The appropriate part of this table is repeated in the introduction to each dynasty as it is introduced in the text; the seven lineages are 1. Saxon—Wessex Earl-King Dynasty (802-1066); 2. Norman Dynasty (1066-1154); 3. Plantagenet Dynasty (1066-1485); 4. Tudor Dynasty (1485-1603); 5. Stuart Dynasty (1603-1714); 6. Hanover Dynasty (1714-1901); 7. Saxe-Coburg-Gotha—Windsor Dynasty (1901—present). Queens of the Stuart, Hanover and Windsor dynastic lines are subjects for a work-in-progress volume to follow.
The first point that will be discussed is the lack of Scottish leadership. It would be impossible for any army to have many, if any, victories when there is no true leader to stand up and lead. Scotlands king, Alexander III, had, died after riding off a cliff during a wild storm.1 There was no heir to the Scottish throne because King Alexander III had outlived all of his children.2 Without a king, Scotland was pretty much lost. They had no direction as to what to do or when to do it.
The country of Scotland has entered a period of intense grieving, as the king was loved by all. Ross, one of the king’s most trusted
The murder of King Duncan shocked the kingdom, all were plunged into mourning after this fateful night. One of objects from the court said weepingly, “The whole world turned upside down, heaven is hell, hell is heave. All of us are afraid of the future of Scotland without out honorable King. Plague is unavoidable…”
There have been many influential influences to the English culture throughout its hundreds of years of existence, but there was one man who arguably was one of the most important figures to have ever changed the course of English culture forever. This man was no inventor who sparked a new age, nor an artist who introduced a romantic theme. Shockingly, this man was not even of English descent, but rather a conqueror from a foreign land. He is most well known as William the Conqueror and the date 1066, is remembered as the year of his arrival to Anglo-Saxon England when he began the famous Norman invasion. This alien invader to the British island was a Duke in the northern region of France. To be more specific, he was the Duke of Normandy, a province of France whose culture was descended from the Norse influence of Vikings. In a series of tactfully genius military battles, William the Conqueror captured the English throne. Few figures in history can boast of conquering an entire nation and even less can claim that they kept control and influenced their new lands. After his invasion and being crowned king of England, William began to dig into England like a tick and his Norman culture spread. William had pulled off an amazing feat through his invasion in England and as well as his earlier life when he rose to power in Normandy which allowed him to embark on such rigorous campaign.
Shops in a town were widespread and found everywhere, and sold a variety of food and products. Depending on the opportunities and wealth, towns attracted merchants. More merchants meant more taxes for the lord, who usually owned the town.