How Diabetes Affects Your Body Uses Blood Sugar

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Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (glucose). If you have diabetes, no matter what type, it means you have too much glucose in your blood, although the causes may differ. Too much sugar can lead to serious health problems. (1) Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. A hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy. Various factors may contribute to type 1 diabetes, including genetics and exposure to certain viruses. Although type 1 diabetes usually appears during childhood or adolescence, it also can begin in adults. Type 1 diabetes has no cure, but it can be managed with proper diet, exercise, and medications. Type 2 diabetes, once known as adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose), your body 's important source of fuel. With type 2, your body either resists the effects of insulin. A hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells, or doesn 't produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level. Also no cure for type 2 diabetes, with proper diet, exercise, and maintaining your body weight it is manageable. As for the third type, gestational diabetes is first diagnosed during pregnancy. Like type 1 and type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes causes blood sugar levels to become too high. When you 're pregnant, your body naturally becomes more resistant to insulin so that more glucose is available to nourish your baby. (1, 2) The factors that play into who is prone to getting diabetes are age, race, gender, and family history. ... ... middle of paper ... for diabetes, type 1 or type 2 diabetes. There are treatments, including simple things you can do daily, that can make a big difference. Some lifestyle changes that can be made to help control the diabetes are monitor your blood sugar intake, plan healthy meals, exercise regularly, and keep up with your medical appointments. (5, 6) The specialist that treats people with diabetes is an Endocrinologist. They specialize in training and experience in treating people with diabetes. Other specialist that help with the treatment in diabetes are dietitians, nurse educators, an ophthalmologist since diabetes can affect the blood vessels in the eyes, which can lead to losing your sight, and a podiatrist. Diabetics with nerve damage in the lower extremities, foot care is important. A podiatrist is trained to treat feet and problems of the lower legs. (4, 7) References 1.
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