1993. Willcock, Malcolm M. A Companion to the Iliad: Based on the Translation by Richmond Lattimore. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976
Edwards, Mark. A Historical Introduction to the Iliad and the Odyssey. Newark, Del. : University of Delaware Press, 1981. Homer: Iliad.
214). Instead of listening to the advice and taking actions, Creon mocks Teiresias and tells him that his prophecy is for sale. Creon's human flaws and emotions such as pride and arrogance lead to his ultimate downfall as well as his family’s, which ties into him being the tragic ... ... middle of paper ... ...d live happy. Work Cited Goldwyn, Adam J. "A Literary History of the Trojan War from Antiquity to the Middle Ages."
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Their foibles and fickleness recall for the reader the humanness of the Greek gods, and spark a mental association of men to myths. This makes the long-dead warriors more real to anyone who reads the poem. But the gods of The Iliad also inculcate what could be nothing more than a dry account of a historical war that no one recorded while it was happening. This historical-cultural element, one that connects the events of that unwritten war to readers by pulling the past into the present, make the old archetypes oddly modern and applicable to the present day world and its men. One of the most interesting lines in The Iliad is when one Aias tells the other that he recognizes Poseidon, who has disguised himself as K... ... middle of paper ... ...ormalized remembrance; the gods' inclusion make that remembrance bigger than any sterile account or battlefield casualty list could be.