I chose to research childhood homelessness, and how it impacts early educational and cognitive development. The negative effects of childhood homelessness are clear, but I am specifically interested in identifying the effects of childhood poverty and homelessness, and attempting to understanding the specific effects of homelessness. This issue is important for a variety of reasons; of the approximately 320 million people living in the United States, 1.35 million of those are homeless children (Yu, 2008, p. 2). If we as a society are unable to understand homeless children, we will be unable to meet their needs. These consequences are specifically relevant for teachers and school practitioners, since the school system is one of the best places to help these children.
Homelessness can result from children running away, being abandoned by parents, extreme poverty within the family and/or unsafe/unstable living conditions. Being in situations where a child has worry about where they are going to sleep or where there next meal may come from gives them little time, if any, to focus or even think about attending school. In addition, attending school means a need for the upkeep of personal hygiene, having clean clothes and most importantly transportation to and from school, which can add more stress to a child outside of the fact they are homeless. Not having these things causes high levels of depression, anxiety and low self-esteem. Th...
One of the prevalent problems that distract the student’s ability to learn and develop skills that are required to graduate high school is family homelessness. According to the state center for homeless families, 1 out of 45 children in the US are homeless that averagely 1.6 children are homeless every year. There are a variety of factors that cause family homelessness they include domestic violence, lack of affordable housing, decreasing government supports, lack of social support, or the challenges of raising children alone (Stetser, & Stillwell, 2014).
GOULD, THOMAS E., and ARTHUR R. WILLIAMS. “Family Homelessness: An Investigation of Structural Effects.” Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment 20.2 (2010): 170-192. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 10 Apr. 2011.
There are three important effects of homeless people. The first negative effect is education. Parents might refuse to register a new school for children because they do not know how long they will be staying in this area. It means that children miss out on schooling altogether. When ...
Furthermore, facilities frequently concentrate on “quick-fix” interventions instead of focusing on their qualities that empower them and concentrating on long-term aspirations (Heinze & Jozefowicz-Simbeni, 2009). For the most part, it is extremely hard to access health care for the youth population because they face various restrictions. It is not surprising that many homeless adolescents do not have a way of seeking services even if they are the population that needs it the most. Homeless youth are at a higher risk of adverse outcomes such as not being able to further their education, getting incarcerated, developing a mental health disorder, and engaging in alcohol dependency and unsafe sexual behavior (Heinze & Jozefowicz-Simbeni, 2009). Children without a home are more prone to live in inconsistent and harsh living conditions categorized by family and school issues. Although; many homeless youths do not experience desirable outcomes housing programs and similar services serve a primary support system to help reduce homelessness. Services that promise better living conditions are shown to enhance lifestyles and a positive development into adulthood.
Kozol, Jonathon. “The Homeless and Their Children.” The Prentice Hall Guide for College Writers. Ed. Stephen Reid. 8th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson, 2008. Print.
These children do not have stability in their living arrangement. Many do not know what will await them when they leave school at the end of the day. They have spent the day anxious about their parents or younger siblings (Woods, 1997). A large number of homeless families are single mothers with young children and in many cases, the mother was abused. Homeless students do not have places to study, so homework is challenging for them to complete (Swick, 1996). Students may arrive tardy because of transportation issues and may lose items or not be able to provide required items for assignments. Homeless children may be embarrassed by hygiene issues, living situations, or academic abilities (Evers,
I am writing to you because I am concerned about the rate of homelessness in America. Ever since 2013 the recorded amount of homeless people is at an all time high. This could be due to the lack of affordable housing, the high poverty rate, and domestic abuse. One of my biggest concerns is the effect it has on the children. Homelessness brings upon many health risks for children including, high rates of illness, developmental delay. Homelessness can also cause emotional distress for the children due to the traumatic events that they may experience. These stressful events can lead to a higher risk of mental disorders that will affect them for the rest of their life. I believe homelessness of one of the most important issues that we need to fix
Most children who are homeless have to break free from their parents and how their parents raised them. As the children grow into adults they have to forget their childhood to make sure they don’t make the mistakes. At the same time, they need to remember the hardships they went through in their childhood. If they remember those they will make sure they never make it back to the struggle they have experienced. It is hard for any person to break free from the way they were raised especially if the children are facing struggles they shouldn’t have to face at such a young age.
between the ages of 12- 17. Although it is more noticeable in larger cities, than elsewhere throughout the nation, it is estimated that 5 percent are between the ages listed above. There is a multitude of problems why homelessness is prevalent, ranging from medical, mental, emotional, and substance abuse problems. These youths are out on the streets finding themselves in harm's way by either selling or using drugs, becoming ill due to obstacles or lack of care, committing crimes, or becoming susceptible to offenses such as rapes, assaults, and death, or finally running the risk of becoming incarcerated. The review suggests that when it comes to addressing the problem of homelessness a more tailored approach be taken to meet the needs of the youths who are at risk of becoming, or are already homeless. (Robertson, Toro,
Homelessness is a problem with devastating consequences for individuals and their communities. Research has shown that people who are homeless are more likely to suffer from poor mental health, problems at school and problematic behavior. We usually focus on homeless adults who cannot find a good job and pay rent, but sometimes the ones who end up homeless are children and their single mothers. A recent longitudinal study wanted to see if Family Critical Time Intervention (FCTI) could reduce the negative consequences of homelessness in the children of single parents (Shinn, Samuels, Fischer, Thompkins, & Fowler, 2015).
Imagine going to sleep hungry waiting for your next meal. Imagine you are anxious for the next morning so you can go to school so you can help because you could not the night before. Imagine not able to do your homework because you don’t have electricity. Imagine having a toothache and was unable to go to the dentist because your mother can’t afford health insurance. Approximately 1.5 million children experience homelessness in America each year. (Bassuk, 2010) A lot of children go without food, go without proper health insurance, and go without a proper place to sleep. There are so many agencies in the Washington Metropolitan area that help with youth homeless. (Children should have the right to a home, to food, education, and not be subjected
Works Cited Affordable Housing Shortage Threatens Children's Health. Family Housing Fund. June 1999.Apr. 2009 . American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Pub. L. 111-5. 6 Jan. 2009. The White House. 13 Feb. 2009. 29 Apr. 2009 . America's Youngest Outcasts: State Report Card on Child Homelessness. The National Center on Family Homelessness. 10 Mar. 2009. 5 Apr. 2009. . p.52. Education For Homeless Children And Youth Program. The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. July 2004. United States Department of Education. 29 Apr. 2009. . Education of Homeless Children and Youth. National Coalition for the Homeless. June 2008. 5 Apr. 2009 . "Education Pays..." Bureau of Labor Statistics. 6 Mar. 2009. United States Department of Labor. 29 Apr. 2009 . Hart-Shegos,
According to a report by the Administration For Children and Families (2013), one in every twenty six children are experiencing some form of homelessness. Homelessness does not have a “typical” face or look. It can be as hard to spot as a needle in a haystack or may be so obvious that it screams out for help. So what does this mean for early education classrooms? As early educators we must be mindful of the behaviors, changes, and issues that may come with families and children in our care facing homelessness. In a research study completed by Molnar and Rubin (1991), homelessness is defined as a composite of many conditions and events, such as poverty, changes in residence, schools, and services, loss of possessions, disruptions in social