After the Civil War, white southerners had to figure out ways to continue feeling superior to their former slaves. Anxious to regain power over former slaves, southerners created the Black Codes of 1865. These codes were different from state to state, but most held similar restrictions. If blacks were unemployed, they could be arrested and charged with vagrancy. White Southerners believed blacks were to only work as agricultural laborers so the laws also restricted their hours of labor, duties, and behavior.
During the first half of the 19th century, serious issues concerning racial discrimination and civil inequality of African Americans plagued the social, political, and economic structure of the United States. This era that followed the Reconstruction period restored the once white supremacist control of the South. It also led to the implementation of Jim Crow Laws and reduced the status of first-class citizenship of Negroes. Although conditions eventually improved, Negroes were still subjugated to the prejudice of the times and faced exploitation in the workplace. In Invisible Man, Ellison uses the metaphor of the Liberty Paint Factory in Chapter Ten to illustrate the dynamic of American society’s suppression of black identity, presupposition of racist attitude towards Negroes, and repression of social and economic improvement for African Americans.
(2010, January 1). History.com. Retrieved April 25, 2014, from http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/great-migration Keating, W. D., & Krumholz, N. (1995). Cleveland a metropolitan reader. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press.
(n.d.). Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Retrieved December 2, 2013, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/67474/African-Americans/285189/Reconstruction-and-after 9.) Smallwood, A. (n.d.).
Analysis The history of African Americans has had a great impact on our country. They have gone through an extended period of slavery and discrimination and judgment. They are treated, to this day, as a lower level based upon their skin color and their background. They spent many years trying to advance on the social ladder, but had trouble in the process. Every obstacle they overcame, such as slavery, was short lived do to the next, such as voting restrictions.
Due to most workers joining the war to storm impossible fronts, face the terror of no mans land, and fighting for their dreams of becoming war heroes the women, Hispanics, and African Americans went and worked the jobs of the men overseas. This is the time set that caused the Harlem Renaissance to begin and cause a cultural firestorm. Due to the need of many workers in the northern cities, the African Americans from the south moved up north to work. But that’s not the only reason why most also wanted to get a sort of cultural freedom from the south, these two reasons were the cause of a thing called the Great Migration. The Great Migration is in fact one of the key reasons why we ever had a Harlem Renaissance in the first place.
African Union Compendium. Internet: http://www.slashdocs.com/nvrnn/african-union-compendium-oxfam-international-july-2012.html . Access:5 April 2014. Payne, R.A. 2004. Human Security and American Foreign Policy.
10 Feb. 2014. "Martin Luther King GPS Tour." Civil Rights Timeline of 1940s-African American Events in Atlanta. N.p., n.d. Web.