Satisfactory Essays
What Was The Holocaust

The Holocaust was a tragic event that occurred between the year of 1933 to 1945 during the Nazi regime which was led by Adolf Hitler. It resulted in more than 11 million deaths; 6 million were Jewish. The Holocaust was most prominent in Germany and Poland where concentration and death camps were set up. The Holocaust occurred due to Hitler's obsession with Germany having the perfect Aryan race of people. The Holocaust resulted in the massacre of Jews, Gypsies, Homosexual people and other ethnic minorities.

Significant People

Heinrich Himmler

Heinrich Himmler was bor on 7th October 1900 in Munich, Germany. He was in the German Army prior to the end of the first world war and he had a string of jobs after this. His involvement with the Nazi part started in the early 1920s and by 1926 he was the party's propaganda leader. He kept this position till 1930. In 1929 he became the head of the SS and Adolf Hitler's personal bodyguard.

When the Nazis came to power in 1933 he became the president of police in Munich and head of the political police in Bavaria. Also in 1933 he set up Dachau the first Nazi concentration camp.

Himmler like other Nazis was obsessed with racial purity so that Germany could have the perfect Aryan race. He found that the outbreak of World War II assisted him in his goal of the elimination of Jews and other 'sub-humans'. In 1943 he oversaw the 'final solution' which was a plan to exterminate all the Jews in Europe.

After Germany's surrender in 1945 Himmler tried to escape under the false identity of Sergeant Heinrich Hitzinger, however he was captured by the Allied forces. On 23rd May 1945 he committed suicide.

Adolf Eichmann

Adolf Eichmann was born in 1906 in Solingen, a small city ...

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...cution affected him deeply.

In the spring of 1944 the world realised what was the 'final solution'. In May 1944 a eye witness report from two Jews who had managed to escape form Auschwitz was released.

Hitler's plan for the extermination of all the Jews in Europe was known. At the beginning of 1944 there was still around 700,00 Jews in Hungary. Hitler had the German army invade Hungary in March 1944. Soon after this the deportation of Hungarian Jews to concentration camps and death camps. For most of the Jews the destination was Auschwitz in South Poland. The Jewish citizens of Hungary sought help from embassies of neutral countries where identity passes were issued for Jews.

The Swedish legation succeded in a negotiation with the Germans that Jews with Swedish identity passes would be treated as Swedish citizens and did not have to wear the yellow Star of David.
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