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Holland Theory Of Career Development

explanatory Essay
883 words
883 words
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In the old days ,people perceived that the world "career" refers to what one does to make a living, an occupation, trade, profession, vocation. However there is a much more complex meaning .Early to 21st century the world "career" refers to a person's progression through a series of jobs over his lifetime. It also considers one's education and unpaid work experiences, such as internships and volunteer opportunities. Career Development is a “continuous lifelong process of developmental experiences that focuses on seeking, obtaining and processing information about self, occupational and educational alternatives, life styles and role options” (Hansen, 1976). The above statement I have follow through my career . There are several careers …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the world "career" refers to what one does to make a living, an occupation, trade, profession, vocation. it also considers one's education and unpaid work experiences.
  • Explains that career development is a continuous lifelong process of developmental experiences that focuses on seeking, obtaining and processing information about self, occupational and educational alternatives, life styles and role options.
  • Explains that there are several careers theories, such as parson's theory, which ignores transferable skills, and has been criticized for being limited in terms of cultural validity.
  • Explains holland theory, which focuses on five different life stages, such as growth, exploration, establishment, maintenance, and decline.
  • Explains that women's dreams in levinson 1798 sense are more complex and compounded than traditionally work focused dreams of men.
  • Narrates how they became a certified accountant, certified banker, and certified auditor after being hired by popular bank.
  • Explains how they were promoted to 37-years-old due to their new qualifications, hard work, dedication, establishment, and absorbing laiki assets.
  • Analyzes how super himself recognized his theory lacked comprehension and integration. it had been criticized for being rigid in which not all people’s lives fit into these life stages.
  • Explains that the above theories may not apply to the 21st century. globalization, temporary and contract work, outsourcing of jobs and gender, ethnic, and age diversity in the workplace have affected the validity of career theories.
  • Explains that studying msc business management will help them become a better team leader and improve their managerial skills.

Holland states a person’s personality type will influence their career choice, with people searching for environments that best suits their skills and attitudes (Curry & Milsom, 2014). As Holland theory ignores the transferable skills of a person, there is no clear differentiation of personality types , has been criticized for being limited in terms of its cultural validity when used in diverse populations, along with its applicability in the 21st century (Brown & Lent, 2005). According to Holland theory, I am an enterprising person, I choose to work with numbers and my dream was to become a Certified Accountant. Super’s theory of career choice focuses on five different life stages. At each stage different experiences and decisions influence and shape persons working lives. These five life stages include; growth (birth-14), exploration (15-24), establishment (25-44), Maintenance (45-64), Decline (65+) (Kleynhans, 2006). An example of this theory prescribes by personal development map since, the growth stage in which I developed a passion for accounting. The exploration stage is when I found a job ,as a accountant clerk to a construction company and until my 24 years old ,I have changed another job as an accountant in Alexander the Great Hotel and at the same time I was study ACCA . In the meanwhile, I became a mother so my priorities have been changed and I stopped my studies.‘Women have split dreams” (Josselso 1978,Roberts and Newton 1986 ),so I stopped my studies for a whole. Women’s dreams” in Levinson 1798 sense ,are more complex and compounded than the traditionally work focused dreams of men’s-realistic and adaptive response to woman’s developmental needs, shifting societal expectations ,changing job opportunities and the reality of pregnancy and child. As my family

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