Holistic Health Assessment In Nursing

1482 Words6 Pages
The Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia standard 4.1 requires that the registered nurse “conducts assessments that are holistic as well as culturally appropriate” (2016). Health assessment in nursing is not only about the physical illness of a patient but also the overall situation and how the illness affects other aspects of the patient’s life and the treatment they wish to receive. By using a holistic health assessment, a healthcare professional can focus on the other aspects of the patient’s life which affects their health. This essay will highlight how looking at physical, social, psychological, cultural, spiritual and developmental factors can allow the nurse to gather data to gain an understanding of the patient’s situation and…show more content…
Physical assessment can include vitals, medical tests and the nurse’s observation of the patient’s overall health. Luxford (2015) describes physical examination as the collection of measurements and data, which can either be collected through evaluation of each body system or through a head to toe examination. The physical assessment should also be used to note visual observations about the patient’s overall appearance and health status (Luxford 2015). Physical assessment can also include the skills of inspection, palpitation, percussion and auscultation of the patient (Slater 2015). A general assessment is collected during the physical assessment and can include the recording of vital signs, height and weight measurements and observations of overall appearance and mental status (Slater 2015). Slater (2015) discusses how by thorough assessment and collection of baseline measurements the nurse is able to monitor and reassess the patient’s condition. Through the assessment the nurse will be able to see if the body is maintaining homeostasis and can observe physical problems such as mobility issues and skin…show more content…
Development generally takes place from birth through to death while growth only occurs in the first 20 years, although they are related they are independent from each other (Harvey & Park 2015c). Developmental theories used in nursing are important for assessment, reassurance for certain behaviours and to provide further planning and interventions if a delay is present (Harvey & Park 2015c). Developmental theories created by Erikson and Piaget can be referred to for assessment (Lewis & Foley 2014). Lewis and Foley (2014) discuss how nurses should acquire knowledge and assessment skills for developmental stages to allow for accurate assessment and appropriate interventions or education. An example of development affecting healthcare is a child whose mother believes there is a delay and is seeking medical advice. By assessing the developmental level of a patient the nurse will be able to determine the stage of life the patient has reached and whether there is a need for

    More about Holistic Health Assessment In Nursing

      Open Document