What Is Thalassemia? What Causes Thalassemia? - Medical News Today. Retrieved February 3, 2014, from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/263489.php MedlinePlus Trusted Health Information for You (2012, July 2). Thalassemia: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia.
MedicineNet. Retrieved April 21, 2014, from http://www.medicinenet.com/botulism/page2.htm#what_causes_botulism Strandwitz, P. (2008). Botulism Classification Â . Classification. Retrieved April 21, 2014, from http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2008/strandwi_phil/schedule.htm Sugiyama, H. (1980).
The Lancet, Vol. 372, pp. 1411-1426. Retrieved on Feb. 22, 2014 from http://www.medicine.wisc.edu/~williams/spherocytosis_lancet_2008.pdf Zhi, Z.W. (September 2013).
Lymphatic organs include the bone marrow, spleen, thymus gland, lymph nodes, tonsils, adenoids, appendix and clumps of tissue in the small bowel. A function of the lymphatic system is to nurture and mature the B and T-lymphocytes (white blood cells vital to immune function). Cancerous changes can take place when mutation leads to failure of the cells maturing of the lymphoid cells. Lymphomas are regarded as cancers of lymphocytes. The process which lymphoma occurs consists of a series of events where normal lymphocyte cells cease to mature and develop in an orderly fashion.
(2012). In Mosby's dictionary of medicine, nursing, & health professions. Retrieved from http://login.southuniversity.libproxy.edmc.edu/login?qurl=http%3A%2F%2Fliterati.credoreference.com.southuniversity.libproxy.edmc.edu%2Fcontent%2Fentry%2Fehsmosbymed%2Fsickle_cell_anemia%2F0 Sickle cell anemia. (2011). In The American Heritage Science Dictionary.
Retrieved November 6, 2013 from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000378.htm Smeltzer, S. C., Bare, B. G., Hinkle, J. L., & Cheever, K. H. (2010). Brunner & Suddarth's Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing. (12th ed., p. 1275-1276, 1279-1280). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health / Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Townsend, M. C. (2012).
In Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Retrieved November 16, 2013, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/352770/lymphatic-system Stoppler, MD, M. C. (2007, January 31). Hodgkin's and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma: Differences and Similarities on MedicineNet.com. Retrieved December 9, 2013, from http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=79261 Turley, Susan M. (2014). Medical language (third ed.).
Retrieved July 8, 2013, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3704221/ Johnson, G. (2013, November). The Long Trail of Cancer Cues. Scientific American, 309(5), 46-49. Li, Y., Wicha, M. S., Schwartz, S. J., & Sun, D. (2011, February 4). Implications of Cancer Stem Cell Theory for Cancer Chemoprevention by Natural Dietary Compounds.
Retrieved Nov 16, 2013, from Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions: http://autoimmune.pathology.jhmi.edu/whatisautoimmunity.html Mader, S. S., & Windelspecht, M. (2014). Inquiry into Life. New York: McGraw-Hill. NEMDIS. (2012).