"Only 10% of Lupus patients will have a close relative who already has or may develop Lupus. Only 5% of children born to individuals with Lupus will develop the illness ." # The cause of Lupus is still unknown. Some doctors feel that there are some environmental and genetic factors involved. Some of the environmental factors include: infections, antibodies, especially those in the Sulfa and Penicillin groups, ultra violet light, extreme stress and certain drugs.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a form of cancer in the lymphatic system. This type of lymphoma originates in the white blood cells, and spreads throughout the lymph nodes in the body. The cause of Hodgkin’s lymphoma is unknown, and it is sometimes found by chance. This disease is typically treated with chemotherapy and radiation and, if found in the early stages, the patient has a good chance of being fully cured. According to Taber’s Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2013), Hodgkin’s lymphoma is “a malignant lymphoma whose pathological hallmark is the Reed-Sternberg (RS) cell.
After this classification the tumors are further divided depending on the different cell types. Most importantly carcinomas, which are characterized by specific cells that commonly found in the internal and external lining parts of the body, for instance, lung, breast, and colon cancer. Cancer formation cascade and cancer causes. Cancer is formed by a mutation in cells. Stem cells divide to produce more cells which are called progenitor cells.
Sometimes they are referred to together as colorectal cancer. Over 95% of colorectal cancers are ad enocarcinomas. These are cancers of the glandular cells that line the inside of the colon and rectum. Other, less common type of tumors may also develop in the colon and rectum. Carcinoid tumors develop from hormone-producing cells of the intestine.
Leukemia Leukemia is a cancer that has had a significant effect on our society and with the developments of new drugs it may become treatable. Leukemia originates in the blood-forming organs which may include the lymph tissue and bone cells. In a person with leukemia the rate and the number of cells produced is altered. This altering can become fatal, or with proper treatment it can be subdued. There are two main types of leukemia which include "total" and "differential."
CJD Disease The Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease is a rare brain disorder that is fatal. Reseachers find about one case of CJD disease per million each year.CJD can effect anyone, this disease effects both males and females of different ethnic groups usually between the ages of 50-75 .This disease causes progressive dementia and neuromuscular problems. Researchers still don’t know for sure what agent causes the Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease, it is a topic that has been debated about. It was first thought to be a virus but a virus contains nucleic acid and when researchers looked at the CJD agent, they found it contained no nucleic acid. Also the chemicals that are supposed to make most viruses inactive did nothing to decrease the inefficiency of the CJD disease.
LYMPHOMA Introduction Lymphoma refers to a blood cancer form that result from a faster than normal division of T or B lymphocytes; the condition also occurs when these cells live for a longer than the normal (Pace, Cassio & Glass, 2007). Organs in which the disease may develop include spleen, lymph nodes, bone marrow, alongside others. Ideally, this disease is a presentation of a lymphoid cells’ solid tumor. The disease’s treatment could entail chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and transplantation of bone marrow. Scientists state that the disease can be cured and that the cure depends on factors like its stage, histology, and type.
Environmental factors including exposure to smoking, ultraviolet light, stress, and toxins may also play a role in the cause of Lupus. Some studies find that high levels of estrogen, during puberty or pregnancy, had a link to increased risks of lupus. There are several types of lupus with systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) being the most common and most severe. SLE can affect many parts of the body including skin, joints, lungs, heart, internal organs, and even the brain. SLE invol... ... middle of paper ... ...us patients have as high as a 10% chance of developing lupus.
The lymphatic system is part of the immune system and functions to fight infections and disease. As infection-fighting cells and fluid build up, the lymph nodes enlarge to many times their normal size. Infections, autoimmune diseases, malignancies, histiocytoses, storage diseases, benign hyperplasia, and drug reactions are causes of generalized lymphadenopathy. Sometimes, one or more lymph nodes themselves can become inflamed and enlarged, a condition called lymphadenitis. Lymph nodes can also enlarge due to cancer in the lymphatic system, such as Hodgkin disease.
What is Radiation Therapy? Radiation Therapy is one of the principal modalities that are used in the treatment of cancer (Frank, Long, Smith 2012, p. 467). What is cancer? Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. This uncontrolled growth of cells can over time develop into a tumor.