(F. Hewitt, 1972). For Canadians, hockey is a way of life. "Canadian hockey is more than just a sport. It’s our national game, a part of our culture, our history, our national identity. Hockey is one thing about which we have always been able to say we are the best"(Gruneau 4). On September 1972, Canada and the Soviet Union played an eight game hockey series, 4 in Canada, and 4 in Moscow, Russia, at the height of the Cold War. Originally, the series goal was to put on a good show before the start of the NHL season. However, it was made with political intentions in mind. There were many different views of what political importance the series might have. "Sports is a catalyst for international understanding and solidarity not to mention brotherhood and when it’s all over"(Camp, 1972). There was a possibility that the series was played as a means of bringing the two countries together. For the majority of Canadians, it was a battle of ideals: "our lifestyle against theirs, communism versus capitalism"(Morrison 205, 1992). This attitude was shown throughout the series. Nationalistic pride was through the roof. The Soviets challenge to Canadian power in hockey concerned Canadians. The idea of sport and politics for Canada and the Soviet Union was very different. While Russia used hockey as a tool for politics, Canadian hockey kept its own cultural identity. As hockey moved towards a more international level, the sport was shown more as a political and national symbol through commerc...
Ross, Andrew J. “The Paradox of Conn Smythe: Hockey, Memory and the Second World War.”
In 1980, there were 10,490 hockey teams in the United States. In 1990, the total was 14,969. The game really took off after this. By 1997, U.S.A Hockey had registered 29,479 teams and 449,168 players. Players are still inspired to this day by the feat. Herb Brooks was what held the team together. He is the reason the Americans won against the “unbeatable” Soviets.
was the earliest recorded in a game that took place in Montreal. As the Canadians love and knowledge for the game of ice
Canada has always had an interest in Hockey. Even before it was widely known, Canadians knew they were missing something. Canada is a northern country which has a lot of ice which made it an ideal place for the sport. Over the years Canada has been recognized throughout the world as having the greatest hockey players. This really helps Canadians with the liking of the sport as Canada does not get very much attention in the world. Let us all face it, what other sport is Canada considered the best at?
“‘They score! Henderson has scored for Canada!’” Foster Hewitt wordlessly described” (Pelletier) when Paul Henderson scored the series-winning goal. This allowed Canada to win the 1972 Summit Series, a moment that no one would ever forget since it all happened during the climax of the Cold War. Prior to this, the Soviets had won the previous three Olympic gold metals since Canada could not use its NHL players. Thus, this provided Canada with the chance to play hockey against the USSR using its best players. This raised the question: if Canada were able to send its best players, would it still be enough to beat the Soviets? Everyone in Canada was certain that the Soviets would not win a single game, but little did they know they underestimated the extent of the Soviets abilities. Tied in the last few minutes of game eight, Canada had to score or they would lose the series. However, when Paul Henderson scored the game-winning goal, never before had a single sporting event meant so much to Canadians. Therefore, Paul Henderson’s goal is a defining moment for Canada in the twentieth century becauseit provided Canada with the opportunity to evolve hockey, proved that Canada and our democratic society were superior to the USSR and their communist society, and brought citizens together to unify Canada as a nation.
The most memorable moment in hockey history came thirty-four years ago with the 1980 Miracle on Ice. The Americans defeating the dominant Soviet team at the Olympics was not only an important triumph for USA Hockey, but for the entire nation. Contrary to popular belief, the underdog win was not only the result of a miracle; it was also the result of a hard-working team led by Coach Herb Brooks. With increasingly negative views on the position of the United States in the Cold War, the Miracle on Ice and the gold medal win lifted the spirits of the nation and brought hockey into the American spotlight.
That night, the people of Lake Placid went running and cheering through the streets. The next day, the victory made hockey the front-page of newspapers everywhere; the impact reached everywhere, and is still felt today. Since that victory, hockey has almost tripled in popularity in the US at both amateur and professional levels.
There are many players in NHL history who have influenced the game here and there, but one whose legacy still lives on today is Jacques Plante. Jacques Plante was a phenomenal goaltender for the Montreal Canadiens, with his career ranging from 1952-’53 to 1974-’75. The moment he is famous for was one game when he got hit in the face with a shot. Back then, goalies didn’t use facemasks, until this game. He had to get stitches, but he got back onto the ice. With that game, he changed hockey history. Another one of the most well-known players in the NHL is Jaromir Jagr. Jagr is currently playing for the Florida Panthers and is the oldest player still playing in the NHL at the age of 44. Jagr played well, but recently got knocked out of the playoffs
This increasing government control began in the 1950s with the creation of the Canadian Olympic Committee, and cumulated with the disbandment of the CAAA in the 1970s (Morrow & Wamsley, 2005). Today, Sport Canada is the federal government organization that deals with sport in Canada. Sport Canada largely plays an advisory and funding role (Sport Canada, 2015). It runs three programs with two placing a focus on elite level sport and one on participation and development. The Athlete Assistance Program and Hosting Program are designed to aid elite athletes financially and to support organizations hosting major games. The Sport Support Program is designed to help develop coaches and athletes and increase participation from all Canadians. Sport Canada had a budget of approximately two-hundred million dollars in 2013 (Sport Canada, 2015). Sport Canada relies heavily on partnerships with the private sector, sport organizations and the provincial and territorial governments to meet its goals of participation and excellence (Sport Canada, 2015). Currently “Canadian Sport Policy 2012” is the document that lays out the objectives and values of Canada’s sport system. “A dynamic and innovative culture that promotes and celebrates
The Stanley Cup has a long story. It begins in 1892, when Lord Stanley of Preston, the Governor of Canada at that time, bought a silver bowl that was 7.5 inches high and 11.5 inches across. This is the original Stanley Cup. In 1893, the first ever Stanley Cup championship was held. The first winners of the cup were the Montreal Amateur Athletic Association hockey club. With that name, the tradition of the Stanley Cup Playoffs was born. The Stanley Cup Playoffs followed professional ice hockey wherever it went. At first, the NHA (National Hockey Association) had complete ownership of the Cup. But eventually, the NHA faltered, and NHL took the Cup off their hands for the ownership of the historic Cup. The Stanley Cup Playoffs have been played
Hockey officially started in Canada but so many countries play it it is now in the olympics. There are
Ice Hockey has no official date of origin. However, it was first created in the 1800’s by King’s College School, who adapted a favorite field game called Hurley to make ‘’Ice Hurley”, later changed its name and become known as Ice Hockey. “Thomas Chandler Haliburton, born in Windsor in 1796, told of King’s boys playing “Hurley on the ice” when he was a young student at the school around 1800. This is the earliest reference in English literature of a stick-ball game being played on ice in Canada.” (Vaughan ). Canada is largely assumed to be the “birthplace’’ of ice hockey while some sources point to its unconfirmed origin in Europe. Actually, the game wasn’t introduced in Montreal until 1875 (Vaughan).
uniform consists of a series of pads and a helmet to protect you from the lighting fast