With the organization of the Nurses Associated Alumnae of the Unites States, the history of nursing started. It became clear to people all across the United States that preparation was needed to protect the sick the injured and sick from unskilled nurses, who had no well-known knowledge to give the proper care to injured. In the early 1900s, almost all of the United States passed a nurse licensure law. Training hours became shorter and qualifications were strictly enforced for attending nursing schools. During the Great Depression, nurses attending school had a difficult time.
Before nurses came around family members took care of one another. People was also known as a “wet nurse” was hired to breastfeed babies. In Europe when people had the plague and other deadly diseases, Nuns risked their life to take care of them. Woman from the upper-class made nursing a paid profession, they are called Florence nightingale. During the time of the Civil War nurses was needed for the injured soldiers.
Medicine was embraced and encouraged by anyone that could afford it. Doctors were seen as a status indicator and midwives were only suitable for the poor. By late 1800s, doctors attended about half of the births in the United States. (Feldhusen, 2000) As cities became more popular, families left their large homes for smaller apartments. There was no longer room
During the American Civil War, "More than twenty thousand women in the Union and Confederate states engaged in relief work…” (Schultz, 2004). These women had certain professional rights and responsibilities to uphold throughout the Civil War. They broke the common Victorian American tradition and volunteered to be Civil War nurses, something that astounded the nation (USAHEC.org). These battle aids nursed the wounded soldiers and performed other tasks to help the soldiers. However, these women were not accepted right away by male doctors in the hospitals.
In great detail she wrote a book entitled “Notes on Nursing” that explained the duties and subjections of a nurse. Nursing was then considered for the first time a professional job because particular training and education was needed to fulfill the duties. Many physicians recognized the significance of nursing and instructed a course for people who aspired to be potential nurse. During the Civil War the demand for nurses became a great need for the massive number of injured veterans. Nurse Registration Acts was passed and in 1903 North Carolina was the first state to grasp the Nursing Licensure Act.
Apart from Florence Nightingale, there were many more developments within the career field of nursing. While Linda Richards was America’s first trained nurse, Ellen Dougherty was the first registered nurse (Wikipedia). Looking back upon history, the typical nurse was in fact a woman. Over the years, more and more men have joined the nursing profession and hav... ... middle of paper ... ... System. Web.
Nurse Anesthetist and their journey to where they are now Nurses have played an important role in medicine throughout the years. When people hear the word “nurse” they often think of the ones in the hospital given care and educating. Many people don’t think about the other branches of nursing like the nurse Anesthetist. A nurse Anesthetist has contributed a great deal in administering anesthetics for about 150 years. Nurse anesthetist have struggled with autonomy and being able to practice without being supervised by an Anesthesiologist.
Social Values (A profession has relevance to social values) More than 150 years have passed since Florence Nightingale first decided she wanted to be a nurse. Her dedications to providing lifelong services and care to the sick and the poor has been the center of nursing care. Therefore, nursing is considered one of the most altruistic professions around. Today, nurses still maintain the same social values, providing care to the ill and the poor but has taken on a more complex role, which includes providing health education and promotions. Randle (2010), believes by providing health education materials to diabetic patients, encourage these patients to change their lifestyles then the desired outcome would be increased health and wellness with a lasting effect versus the quick fix of medications alone.
Dorothea Dix led under the nursing principles from Florence Nightingale. There were many volunteers that had impact. Many were untrained, but the women that dove into that type of environment, improved the welfare of the soldiers. Many military doctors protested women nurses on the battlefield, but soon gave in with overwhelming number of dying and injured soldiers. Also Clara Barton, a former teacher, led a large effort in getting supplies to the soldiers, and helping on the battlefield.
Nursing has gone from being a career that did not require an education, to being one that is very respected and demands a high education. The first nurses were usually women of the community who were often paid to take care of the sick. The most popular nurses were wet nurses who were women who was ready to have a child, a woman who had a child that didn’t survive birth, or who could feed more that one child. All nurses at this time would work at someones house because there was no such thing as a hospital until 1751, but even then people didn’t think of them as a good and safe place to go. During the Civil War they really worked towards building more hospitals and it drove the nursing profession to grow and have a large demand for nurses, but they were more like volunteers, such as wives or mistresses who were following their soldier men.