Martin Luther ... ... middle of paper ... ...t.org/cathen/09438b.htm Head, R. C. (2004). Protestant Reformation. Retrieved May 27, 2014, from Europe, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World: http://ww.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2- 3404900956.html Kent, W. (1910). Indulgences, In the Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved May 19, 2014, from New Advent: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07782a.html Staff, B (2014).
11 April 2009 . Bainton, Roland H. "The Christian Roman Empire." The Horizon History of Christianity. New York: American Heritage Publishing Co. Inc., 1964. 100-106.
It was further cemented by the leadership of such men as Leo I and Gregory I, the latter sometimes referred to as the father of the medieval papacy.2 Finally, the granting of lands and authority to the bishop of Rome greatly increased the power of the Roman church.3 Decline of the Empire As the Roman Empire shifted its center of power to the East, Rome lost much of the prestige and protection it had previously enjoyed. With Constantinople as the new seat of the empire, the West was left to stand alone, often defenseless.4 Barbarians attacked Rome in AD 410, and Rome found little help from Constantinople. With the Western Empire essentially abandoned, disease, poverty and instability were rampant. Many structures had fallen into disrepair, and famine ravaged the land. Most government officials had left Rome, leaving the churc... ... middle of paper ... ...e Great."
258-292). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Schomp, V. (2011). The Church. New York, NY: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark.
From the first century, Christians have claimed that the world was uniquely prepared for the coming of Jesus Christ and the birth of Christianity. To be a Christian during the time of the fall of the Roman Empire would not be a delightful time to live. Christians dedicated their lives, minds, hearts and souls to God, and by doing so were often persecuted. After the death of Jesus is when Christianity began to grow rapidly. Christianity was distinguished from other religions because everyone was eligible to be a Christian.
Lectures on Revivals of Religion. New York: Christian Classics Ethereal Library, 2009. Accessed April 21, 2014. http://www.ccel.org/ccel/finney/revivals.toc.html. Hatch, Nathan O. The Democratization of American Christianity.
Accessed April 14, 2014. http://honorsaharchive.blogspot.com/2005/09/st-peters-piazza.html. Tighe, S.P. Arch, Steeples and Dom: Religious Symbols on a Journey of Faith. Indiana : Authour House, 2009. http://books.google.com/books?id=fax-HoMP7I8C&pg=PA73&dq=symbolism in st peter's basilica&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ikBMU-fgKpHmsATxk4CACA&ved=0CE0Q6AEwBg World site guides, "St. Peter's Basilia, Rome." Last modified April 03, 2011.
Web. 13 April 2014. Thorsteinsson, Runar M. Roman Christianity and Roman Stoicism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. Print.
1998. "The Gospel of Matthew and the Passion of Jesus : Theological and Pastoral Perspectives." Word & World 18, no. 4: 372-379. ATLA Religion Database with ATLASerials, EBSCOhost (accessed March 13, 2014).
FOX News Network, 23 Dec. 2013. February 25, 2014 Fattah, Hala Mundhir. A Brief History of Iraq. New York, Checkmark Books: 2009 Flamini, Roland. “FORCED EXODUS Christians in the Middle East.” World Affairs.