King Philip II invented a plan to restore the Catholic Church into a Protestant England, and this is the reason why the Spanish Armada was created. The Spanish invasion took lots of hard work and time, the plans of the Spanish showed great detail. In the entire fleet it consisted of 132 ships, 8,766 sailors, and 21,556 soldiers who were ready to invade the English and bring reform to their religion. The plan that the Spanish drew up was that their fleet would sail from Spain along the English Channel and would combine forces with the Duke of Parma coming from the Netherlands. The two forces decided to combine fleets thinking it was too overwhelming for the British to handle.
While the British had an abundance of advantages, they lost the Revolutionary War because the British army underestimated the colonists’ perseverance for freedom. At the beginning of the war, the preconceptions of each side show exactly why Britain was destined for failure. On the American team,
England and Spain had been enjoying a peaceful relationship throughout the early 15th century. However, the relations turned sour after the Spanish backstabbed an English fleet, led by a British sailor named Francis Drake at the Spanish port of San Juan de Ulua in 1568. Drake, privately encouraged by Queen Elizabeth of England, began pirating the Spanish riches for England from the Caribbean and all along the Spanish held coasts of Latin America. King Philip of Spain, already disgusted by the religious practices of England’s royalty, began scheming for a plan to invade Britain. He sent 130 large vessels, meant to carry soldiers, to the English Channel.
The Spanish Armada arose in the 1580’s because the so-called “invincible” Spanish armada was on a mission to overthrow the heretic queen Elizabeth I. The Spanish also wanted to put an end to the English robbing their exports from America. Through six days of naval warfare, the English stood victors because of the innovative thinking and tactics by Sir Francis Drake. The Spanish Armada was a test of guts and strategy for both the Spanish and English Navy’s, but Sir Francis Drake, commander of the English Navy, decimated the Spanish fleet with revolutionary tactics. The Spanish armada was known as the most powerful navy in the world and they were prepared to go overthrow Queen Elizabeth I. Elizabeth was known as a corrupt international political leader, she also encouraged her own Navy to rob Spanish ships that were caring valuable exports from America.
When England and other alliances shifted, the Dutch Republic would experience immense turmoil. England’s reasoning behind allying with the Spanish was solely for personal economic gain and power, by destroying the Dutch unity and economy it left room for England to become the most powerful commerce. The Dutch economy was devastated by the military force of foreign countries. England wiped out over 2,000 Dutch ships within twenty years (Document 3). Having a border across a sea from the Dutch Republic made it easier for the English to demolish the Dutch’s naval fleet than it was for France who was obstructed by the Spanish Netherlands.
Spanish leader King Phillip II had reasons to eliminate their arch-rival England. His reasons were to convert the Protestants in England to the Church of Rome and to eliminate one of the major sea-fearing rivals for economic wealth. In 1587, Francis Drake cruised off the coast of Spain and under Elizabeth's wishes; Francis Drake attacked the Spanish shipping, burnt the half-finished and unmanned ships at Cadiz, and did enormous damage to the Spanish navy. King Philip II at last convinced that Spain must invade England in order to dominate the region. But his inefficiency as an organizer was never more evident.
The Spanish Armada The Spanish Armada, also called the Invincible Armada (infra), and more correctly La Armada Grande, was a fleet (I) intended to invade England and to put an end to the long series of English aggressions against the colonies and possessions of the Spanish Crown; (II) it was however all but destroyed by a week's fighting and a disastrous cruise; (III) this led to the gradual decadence of the maritime power of Spain; (IV) Catholics on the whole supported the Armada, but with some notable exceptions. I. ENGLISH PROVOCATION At the commencement of Elizabeth's reign (1558) Philip had been her best friend. His intercession helped to save her life after Wycliffe's rebellion (1554). He facilitated her accession, supported her against the claims of Mary Stuart, and intervened powerfully in her favor to prevent French aid from being sent to Scotland. When England had emerged triumphant at the treaty of Edinburgh (1560), Elizabeth sent him a special mission of thanks, with the Catholic Lord Montague at its head, to whom she gave a dispensation from the laws of England in order that he might practice Catholicism during the embassy.
The loss of the Spanish Armada, off the coast of England in 1588, was a military disaster for the Spanish. Not only did it mean an end for Spanish plans to invade England, but the losses the Spanish suffered, particularly when it came to ships, were extremely expensive to replace. However, while the English did have a hand in defeating the Spanish fleet, it was the weather,that truly destroyed the Spanish Armada. For those Spanish who were lucky enough to survive, but were unfortunate enough to fall into English hands or to the local population, a horrible fate awaited them, for the English saw them as subhuman, but the Spanish also thought the same way about the English. The loss of the Spanish Armada was a combination of a variety of factors.
Another achievement that made Elizabeth I a great ruler were the 39 Articles that were passed in 1563. This was a Protestant doctrine, but preserved many Catholic ceremonies, which led to a very moderate form of Protestantism. However, the accomplishment of the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, is probably the most important factor in making Elizabeth I a great ruler. The small English ships were much better suited when a storm came along, and the Spanish Navy easily fell to the English. The most powerful navy was destroyed, and it left England w... ... middle of paper ... ...hey had been the most advanced and the strongest beforehand.
The Spanish Armada was one of the most important historical events during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. The fleet, under the command of Duke Medina Sidonia, and named in Spanish “Grande y Felicísima Armada” or “Armada Invencible” which translated literally to the "Great and Most Fortunate Navy" or "Invincible Fleet”, was comprised of 130 ships, with the purpose of attacking England, overthrowing Elizabeth Tudor and her Protestantism, which was in direct conflict with the Spanish Catholicism under the rule of King Philip II of Spain. Nothing was to go right for the Spanish - the Armada chose not to advance on the English at Plymouth, then after fire ships damaged the Spanish fleet, they finally dropped anchor near Calais. What followed is known as the Battle of Gravelines, the primary battle, and with the loss of many of their fleet, they managed to regroup, and progress north, still pursuing English defeat. It proved that England had the weather in their favour as the winds harrying the Spanish picked up as they tried to advance on the West Coast, and consequently nearly a third of the fleet was lost to the Scottish and Irish coast.