History of Turkish Occupation of Northern Kurdistan

Powerful Essays
History of Turkish Occupation of Northern Kurdistan

Since 1984, and especially the last few months, the domestic problems of a

major N.A.T.O, Middle Eastern, and American ally state have come to the

forefront of the international news scene. That state is the Republic of Turkey

and it's primary troubles stem from the past seven decades of acrimonious

policies directed at the indigenous ethnic Kurds. The main problem, now, is the

Kurdish popular insurgency on it's hands, in Turkish occupied Northern Kurdistan.

The Kurdish question has long been covered up and denied by the state of Turkey,

but recent events has forced Turkey to concede that it has a serious Kurdish

insurgency on its hands. Turkey's inability to deal with this situation is the

result of the past seventy years of cultural, political, and human rights

abuses directed against the Kurdish population. In fact, this "separatism" is so

out of hand that the Turkish government has incessantly appealed to it's allies

and advisories alike to help counter the escalating Kurdish asperation to

succeed from the Turkish republic. Turkey's sputtering and deteriorating economy

is directly related to the long Kurdish struggle for independence. Turkey has

spent over eight billion dollars or twenty percent of her GDP to combat the ever

deteriorating predicament in northern Kurdistan, and should spend more in the

future(Laber). Because of the violence, the once prosperous tourist business of

Turkey, has now lost about $1.5 billion dollars annually since 1990. Many people

now talk openly of another possible military coup, there were three major

military coups during the last thirty years (Alister) These circumstances in the

state of Turkey have also hurt her chances of ever joining the ever wealthy

European Union and battering its ailing economic situation. The depth of

Turkey's domestic and ethnic dilemma is one of the many that have arisen after

the end of the cold war, yet the cold war is a simple answer to a much more

complex one. The factors that have arisen to contribute to this civil war were

created far before Capitalism versus Communism, East versus West, or U.S versus

the Soviet Union. In order to really comprehend the holistic situation in

Turkey one must first be familiar with the complete history of the Turks and


The Kurds of Turkey constitutes, by far, t...

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...even years (Marcus), the army

has massacred more then 1,500,000 in the span of sixty years , more the 1,500

villages destroyed, every form of Kurdish identity denied, and their politicians

and journalists killed by secret police. After all it is the US constitution

that has written:

" When in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to

dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to

assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which

the laws of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of

mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the

separation.....whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these

ends, it is the right of the people to alter it, or to abolish it, and to

institute a new government.."

It is the very example the United States has set, that the Kurdish people

wants to declare their independence. For, the only thing different between the

Kurdish revolution and the U.S one, is only two hundred and nine years. All

oppressions are bad, all occupations are wrong, every nation has the right to

decide their own fate.
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