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History of Special Education

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History of Special Education
Special education history is of great interest to anyone with a child who struggles to learn. Special education has come a very long way, and it is important to know how we got to where we are today with respect to the educational rights of children with disabilities. It is sad to reflect on the fact that, before 1975, it was a regular practice to exclude children with disabilities from public schools, even though this meant going against certain obligatory education laws set in 1918. Parents of children with disabilities had a terrible choice: keep their children at home and away from the opportunity to socialize and learn, or allow their child to be institutionalized. Even the children with moderate disabilities, who were allowed to go to school, were likely to drop out before graduating high school. Educational programs and practices were designed for students, as handicapped or gifted students, whose mental ability, physical ability, emotional functioning requires special teaching approaches, equipment, or care within or outside a regular classroom. Special Education is a federally funded program designed to provide access to a free and appropriate education to children with disabilities in public school systems. Special Needs is an umbrella underneath which a staggering array of diagnoses can be wedged. Children with special needs may have mild learning disabilities or profound mental retardation; food allergies or terminal illness; developmental delays that catch up quickly or remain entrenched; occasional panic attacks or serious psychiatric problems. The designation is useful for getting needed services, setting appropriate goals, and gaining understanding for a child and stressed family.
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...o trainers.” The primary issue seems to be the partnership between the paraeducator and supervisor in identifying skilled development needs and the condition of cost effective, competency-based expert development based on those needs. Many programs do not provide follow-up support and assistance by a supervisor that is necessary to ensure learning to the work place. So in all a paraeducator plays a very important role in the development of a child with special needs they are the one person that spends the most time with the child beside the parent. They are there to help the child through the day as well as guide them with their education. So if they are not properly trained they will lack the knowledge need to assist the child. If they do not have a partnership with the teacher and not compensated properly they will not give them best to the child in their care.
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