The conquest of the country by Alexander the Great in 332 bc and by the Romans in 30 bc brought Egypt into the Classical world, but the ancient artistic traditions persisted. Alexander and his successors were depicted on the walls of temples as Egyptian kings in an Egyptian style of relief carving. Temples were built in the Ptolemaic period (the dynasty founded by Alexander) and in the Roman period that echoed traditional Egyptian styles in architecture. Egyptian art also exerted a powerful influence on the cultures of the invaders. Early Greek artists acknowledged a debt to Egypt in the development of their own styles.
The book elaborates on all the important aspects of the early Egyptian civilizations. It talks about their government structure, technology, society, religion, writing and literature, science and medicine, architecture, which was very elaborate and amazing, and the arts such as sculpture and painting, which were very detailed and carefully crafted but lacked perspective. At t... ... middle of paper ... ... off, in plays, they created a new genre of drama known as New Comedy. Philosophy was also a major culture item in this era. The most enduring of this period’s philosophies were Cynicism, Skepticism, Epicureanism, and Stoicism.
The medicines and medications that they used in their time were of high significance. They used pictures, hieroglyphs, to communicate in words with each other. When the Romans conquered Egypt, they started using a new form of writing called Demotic, which was a mixture of formal hieroglyphics and Greek text found written on the Rosetta Stone. They worshipped a lot of Gods and Goddess, but only a handfuls of them did they pray tribute to. The location as to where Egypt is located near the Nile River gave the settlers many advantages, such as surplus crops that they use as building materials or trade goods.
Egypt lies on the fertile Nile River valley , and desert around it.The Nile river have effect to Egyptian's culture, it gave a rich natural fertilizing elements that helped Egyptian to grow plants. Also, Egyptian civilization formed by 3000 B.C. E., and they benefited from trade and technological. Back to Mesopotamia, it was located between Tigris and Euphrates river. Mesopotamia is made up of two regions, northern and southern.
The ancient Egyptian civilization impacted multiple cultures and was influential to others by being the most fascinating and sophisticated old civilization. Egypt lies in the far north -east of the continent of Africa, which overlooks the Mediterranean Sea from the north, and the Red Sea to the east, and is separated from the continent of Asia by the Suez Canal. Ancient Egypt contains the oldest civilizations on earth. Ancient Egyptians were able to keep records and pass down their historical achievements over eras. Ancient Egypt set a precedent and inspired other cultures to advance and to become more innovative in several aspects, such as, medicine, and architecture.
Egyptians traded goods with other countries and the Egyptian government under Roman rule controlled the trade and profit from it. Much of what the Egyptians needed they had in their own country, but wood, metals, and precious stones were imported from west Asian countries and incense, spices, and perfumes were imported. Egypt had control over most trade routes, and garrisons were stationed along them. Fortresses located at the boarders had a significant effect on trade between Egypt and other neighboring nations (David, 2003). The Nile River was the source of Ancient Egypt’s economy and the Mediterranean was the main by which the world took notice.
When Rome was expanding they build grids of roads, and with this advance Rome had a much greater ability to build massive projects. Such as Octavian (Augustus) Caesar’s Forum, aqueducts, temples, jetties, safe ports, bridges, marsh drainage and the first truly planned cities. These cities were truly planned to certain specifications and were built and optimized for certain purposes. After the Hellenistic period was nearing an end in Rome Octavian (Augustus) Caesar took control of Rome and started to start some major development programs. A tribute to the god of Mars called the Ultor for the death of
Artifacts, artwork, and anything considered an ancient piece of history has its purpose. For generations, humankind has dug deep into civilizations history to find what others have left behind. Nearly two thousand years ago, the Roman people constructed major cities entirely out of stone, and created some of the most historically iconic pieces of artwork. Today, the “Fishbourne Roman Palace” owns the biggest collection of “in-situ” mosaics in Britain. Having some of the oldest known Roman artifacts, this location was explored and excavated throughout the 1960’s.
With interest high in religion and mythology, Sumerians and their successors worshiped gods and goddesses just like Egyptians, Greeks, and Aegean cultures. Like the Mesopotamians, the Egyptians also believed in god and goddesses and was one of the first to develop their unique writing system called hieroglyphics. Egyptian’s also were the first to construct triangular pyramids with magnificent tombs to bury their dead pharaohs and queens. These pyramids were very comparable to the ziggurats built by the Mesopotamians. The Egyptians unlocked more access when they started using papyrus to make paper in order to communicate.
The ancient Egyptian Art and Architecture comprises of sculptures, monuments, decorative crafts and paintings which were made during the dynastic period in the Nile Valley regions of Nubia and Egypt around First 3 millennia BC. The Egyptian course of art is greatly parallel to the country’s history of politics; in addition it depends on the belief of permanence about the divine and naturally ordained order. Artistic achievements in both representational art and architecture was aimed at preserving conventions and forms which were held for reflecting the perfection of their world during the primordial creation moment and for embodying the relationship between the king, the pantheon of gods and humankind. The geographic factors were crucial in forming and adding character to the Egyptian art. In the ancient world, Egypt had the most conventional agricultural system with the River Nile as it provided life stability in which architecture, arts and crafts started to flourish.