History of Mississippi

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What is the home state to various NFL Hall of Famers and the King of Rock and Roll? One may think the men are from the Sunshine State or the Peach State. However, these successful men are from the Magnolia State. Mississippi’s rich and interesting history shapes the Magnolia State into what it is today.

Before the Mississippi was discovered by Europeans, Native Americans inhabited the land. There were three ethnic groups of Native Americans living in the land which would one day become Mississippi: The Natchez, the Choctaws, and the Chickasaws. The Natchez Indians were known for worshipping the Sun (Fant 9). The Choctaw Indians lived in South Mississippi while the Chickasaw Indians lived in the northern part of Mississippi (Fant 7). Choctaw Indians and Chickasaw Indians had a rivalry. Within the rivalry, Choctaws and Chickasaws fought one another (Fant 7). Also, the Choctaw Indians had a culture of crushing the heads of young children (Fant 10). In return, the children’s heads became flat. European explorer Hernando de Soto discovered Mississippi in 1540 during the winter time (“Mississippi”). Because he could not find gold or silver, de Soto left Mississippi and went somewhere else to look for gold (“Mississippi”). One hundred and fifty-nine years later, Pierre le Moyne d’Iberville claimed part of the Mississippi Valley for France in a French expedition (“Mississippi”). Pensacola was the French colony that d’Iberville established (Fant 31). The French settlers interacted with the Native Americans. The two groups traded together, and the French gained fur within the trade (Fant 33).

In 1792, the Natchez Indians killed the French people who settled near them (“Timeline”). This is now known as the Natchez Massacre. In re...

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... A School Reader. Mississippi Publishing Company, 1922. Print.

Marszalek, John, and Clay Williams. “Mississippi Soldiers in the Civil War.” ms.historynow.mdah.state.ms.us. Mississippi Historical Society, 2009. Web. 12 November 2013.

“Mississippi Fun Facts.” mississippiscv.org. Sons of Confederate Veterans, 2011. Web. 16 September 2013.

Petersen, Jennifer. “Mississippi’s History.” Let’s Take A Look at Mississippi. Great Neck Publishing, 2010: 7. Magnolia Database. Web. 26 August 2013.

“Timeline.” worldatlas.com. World Atlas. Web. 26 August 2013.

Sansing, David. “Governors of Mississippi From 1817 to Present.” ms.historynow.mdah.state.ms.us. Mississippi Historical Society, 2013. Web. 12 November 2013.

Sansing, David. “Mississippi.” Encyclopedia Britannica. 2005. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 26

August 2013.
Watts, Chris. Personal interview. 5 September 2013.

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