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History of Islam

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Pre Islamic Era:

The word ‘Islam’ refers to the submission to God Almighty. It is described as ‘Deen’ in the Holy Quran which means way of life. The people who follow Islam are known as Muslims and the word itself means the one who surrenders or submits to the will of Allah. Islam was present since forever. Before Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), many messengers were sent on this earth to bring people on the right path. All of them preached to worship one God and that the people should consider them the messenger of God. (Hakim, 2009)

The Arabian Peninsula is known as the birth place of Islam. It is one of the hottest and driest regions in the world which mainly consists of deserts. The Arabian Peninsula had two great powers The Christian Byzanntine who were the successors of the Roman Empire. The second was the Zoroastrain Persian kingdom. The tribes that did not want to stay with any of the two tribes settled in the Arabian Peninsula. The Arabs had many gods and idols. They did believe in the power of god but also had a belief that God has divided his duties among various other gods. Therefore, they had more than 360 idols that they would worship. One a year, they would have a religious gathering, known as Hajj, around the Kaaba in Mecca. The Kaaba had their gods and idols. The Arab society was a mixture of brutality, barbarism and inequality(Sahib). The rich had all the power and there was no government system. Their social set up was deprived of any social or ethical values. This research paper will present the history of Islam in a comprehensive way. The religion was present since this world came into being, however it was finally revealed during the times of Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h).

Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) was born in Mecc...

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Haykal, M.H. (2008). The life of Muhammad. Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books?id=fOyO-TSo5nEC&printsec=frontcover&dq=The+Life+of+Muhammad&hl=en&ei=o1h6TZDpCsb5sgb9v_XbBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false

Rahman, H.U. (1995). a chronolgy of islamic history: 570 - 1000 ce. Retrieved from http://www.angelfire.com/ny/dawahpage/hist.html

Sahib, M.A. (n.d.). Muhammad the prophet. The Condition of the Arabs Before the Advent of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) and the Transformation He Wrought in Them:, Retrieved from http://aaiil.org/text/pbuh/art/others/arabcond.shtml#3

Mazrui, A.A. (1997, September). Islamic and western values. Foreign Affairs, 76(5), Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20048203

Stearns, P.N. (1992). Islam from the beginning to 1300. doi: http://history-world.org/islam.htm
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