Islam is a monotheistic religion, which basically means that they believe in one God. Prophet Muhammad proclaimed the religion in the 7th century A.D. The word "Islam" means, "To surrender to God" and is described as a "Deen" in Arabic, meaning "way of life and/or religion." The Muslims refer to God as "Allah" who is the creator of the world. Allah revealed the Qur’an (Koran) to his messenger, Muhammad.
When Muhammad was 40 years old, he had his first revelation, and they continued until his death in 632. He claimed his visions were from God sent through the angel Gabriel. Muhammad then recited messages in the name of God. These were recorded to make up the main source of sacred text for the Muslims, called the Qur’an (Islam Origins). Muhammad’s main revelations were that: “God is one, He is good and all powerful; All men and women will be judged by Allah on the Last Day; We must all respond to the world with g... ... middle of paper ... ...iefs and Practices of Islam."
Mohammed assembled these words and teachings into a book called the Qu'ran. The Qu'ran is considered to be the holy words of Allah and is the sacred text of Islam. The Qu'ran makes up the foundations of Islamic law (Worldbook Online, 2003). Islam is not just a religion, but it is a way of life. The Creator of humanity, Allah, gives guidelines in the Qu'ran that direct all aspects of life, including the economic aspect.
The word Islam means submitting to the will of Allah. Followers who practice this faith are called Muslims and as an extension of the definition, are people who submit to the will of Allah. Islam as a religion started in Arabia and spread across the world to more than 60 different countries. Allah is the name Muslims calls their God. They believe their religion is timeless and their God is the one true God.
They are the divine revelations of Allah to his prophets which include Abraham’s scrolls, Psalms, the Torah, the Gospel, and the Quran. Muslims believe that Muhammad was the last prophet after Jesus and the prophets in the Hebrew Scriptures. The whole universe is governed and controlled completely by Allah. Muslims give their full trust to Allah and try to ... ... middle of paper ... ...in my working experience. I am glad that i have gotten to lear more about their beliefs and practices, because I will have to be sensitive to that in my line of work.
History The followers of Baha’is emerged from Iranians who had formerly been Shi’i Muslims (Smith, 1999). According to Breuilly, O’Brien, & Palmer (1997), the Baha’i faith began to take shape when Mirza Husayn Ali, born in 1817, was sent by God to serve as a prophet. Today, Ali is known at Baha’u’llah, meaning Glory of God. As with other prophets, Abraham, Moses, Zoroaster, the Buddha, Jesus, and Muhammad; Baha’u’llah is considered just as important (Hatcher & Martin, 2002). All of these prophets are viewed as providing a path to salvation which contributes to the carrying forward of an ever advancing civilization (Hatcher & Martin).
"Islam" is derived from the Arabic root salaama meaning peace, purity, submission and obedience. Islam stands for making peace by submitting to the will of God and obeying His law. Jews and Christians view Islam as the latest of the world's great religions. However, worldwide Muslims (sometimes written "Moslems") understand their universal religion as the "final religion" and the "primal religion." As "final," Islam is God's final revelation of prophetic religion, in fulfillment of all that had preceded.
The Qur’an is believe to the ultimate source of God by many Muslim believers. It contains 114 suras for the believers as the core practices of the Islamic religion and Muslims throughout the world recites its verses (Chang, Lecture. 1/21/14). They believed the prophet of Allah was Muhammad, who received the words of Allah through Angel Gabriel, and was passed on with the Qur’an during Ramadan. Angel Gabriel one night came to Muhammad “in clear human form” (“Scripture and Tradition in Islam- The Qur’an and Hadith” 104), and gave the messages from Allah to him.
Muslims believe that "Islam is the eternal religion, described in the Qur'an as 'the primordial nature upon which God created mankind. ' Further the Qur'an states that the proper name Muslim was given by Abraham.  As a historical phenomenon, however, Islam was originated in Arabia in early 7th century. " Islamic texts depict Judaism and Christianity as prophetic successor traditions to the teachings of Abraham. The Qur'an calls Jews and Christians "People of the Book," and distinguishes them from polytheists.
It was essentially an Arabic religion. The Qur’an was revealed in Arabic, which the Arabs thought to be the language used by God (Glubb 381-384). The prophet Muhammad was the founder of Islam. Muhammad was recognized and acknowledged by the Jews, at the time he was born, and later by Abyssinian Christians as God’s own apostle (Peters 133). The life and achievements of Muhammad would affected the spiritual, political, and ethical vision of Muslims forever (Armstrong 23).