History of D-Day

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History of D-Day

During the 1930’s, isolationism and the depression swept through the

United States. But before the fall of France in 1940, the United States was

starting to pull away from being neutral, which they claimed at the beginning of

the European war.

Americans and the British would hold conversations between themselves

known as the ABC talks. It was there that they both targeted Germany as their

prime enemy. Even though there was tension in the Pacific in 1941, American

leaders had agreed that any war that was going to occur between Japan and the

United States had to be secondary. Our prime target was Germany, and that’s

what we would focus on defeating.

Roosevelt soon concluded that America should be in support of the British

in order to help defeat the Germans. It was the Germans who posed to the

greatest threat. Americans preferred a brief, but violent war, with all of their

resources brought to them in which would enable them to have continuous

combat until the enemy was defeated. Geography was yet another factor. The

vast oceans gave the Americans security of their homeland so which they

wouldn’t be attacked, but had also isolated them from the battlefields.

During the spring and summer of 1941, the United States had come to a

closure of their peace talks. The War Department had already began selling

surplus war material to the British and other allied nations against Hitler. The

United States was also trying to figure out how to meet up with the incredible

demands formed by the Lend-Lease Bill. The Lend-Lease Bill stated that the

United States had to ship out massive amounts of war materials to all nations

combating against the Axis Powers. The United States had attempted to

develop a manageable production plan, but had first needed to inquire an

estimate of what would be needed in order to defeat the Axis, if America were to

be involved. The U.S had handed that estimate over to Albert C. Wedemeyer

who was an infantry major assigned to the War Plans Division of the general

staff.

Wedemeyer rationalized that he wouldn’t be able to properly estimate the

nation’s military production total unless he had some idea of the size of the

missions of the Army, in the event of war. The Army had to define its mission.

The U.S. "d...

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...ecke, had

ordered the total destruction of all port facilities on June 26th. For doing this,

Hitler had honored the Admiral with a Knight’s Cross, in addition to his Iron

Cross. During this day, the Red Army entered Vitebsk. Aware of this, Hitler

ordered to fight to the end, but the fight had ended in defeat for the Germans. In

addition, revelations of the mass murders of the Jews at the concentration

camps was being studied in London and in Washington. Aside from that, in

Burma, the British, Indian, Gurkha and American troops captured Mogaung.

"Eight days later, Myitkyina was also captured. On every front- in Burma, in the

Pacific, in Italy, in Normandy, and most dramatically of all, in White Russia- the

Axis powers were now firmly in retreat." D-Day was the greatest amphibious

operation to ever take place in history.

Bibliography

1.Churchill, Winston (Foreword). D-Day: Operation Overlord, Smithmark Publishing, New York, NY, 1993

2.Gilbert, Martin. The Second World War, Henry Holt and Company, Inc., New York, NY copyright 1989

3.Goldstein, Richard. America at D-Day, Dell Publishing, New York, NY copyright 1994

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