However that is what makes him a tragic hero. The Tragedy of Julius Caesar written by William Shakespeare gives us the tragic hero of Brutus. This Roman is a tragic hero because he comes from high political standing and brings about his own downfall because of his fatal flaw of being a poor judge. Brutus enlightens us to be wary of those we trust because the decisions we make could ultimately destroy what we try hardest to protect.
When a senator fought back he was later forced to commit suicide by Nero. These two extracts are not just observations by Tacitus, but heavy criticisms against a man who was unworthy for his post. Tacitus stood against self - indulgence and extravagant displays of wealth as he saw these as being major flaws of the aristocracy and nobility. Although Tacitus was far more interested in moral behaviour, he saw these flaws as the basis for Rome's decline at the time of Nero. An example of this decaying Rome was in Ad60 when the people of Pompeii and Nuceria assaulted each other at the gladiatorial event.
He does this because he believes that Caesar’s ambition would become tyranny and that Caesar’s death is a necessary evil in order to preserve the liberties of the Roman people. In his own words Brutus claims, “It must be by his death; and for my part, I know no personal cause to spurn at him, but for the general.”(Act 2, Scene 1, Page 1116). In addition, Brutus takes the reins of authority from Cassius and becomes the leader of the conspiracy. He gains this prerogative because of his convincing tongue and powerful influence. His leadership is evidenced when he begins to challenge Cassius’ ideas.
It is safe to say that Antony makes the most of his opportunity. Antony's performance on the bully pulpit should come as no surprise. He even delicately derides the senators with his lines "My credit now stands on such slippery ground”, “that one of two bad ways you must conceit me”, “Either a coward or a flatterer." The picture of a disingenuous Antony has been painted by Shakespeare. At Caesar’s funeral, Brutus was clearly surpassed, both by Antony's duplicity and oration.
Despite the mostly laudatory writing in Agricola, Tacitus began the book on a melancholy tone. He expressed anger over what he considered autocratic ruling of Rome, suggesting that it was a terrible political fault. “An outstanding personality can still triumph over that blind antipathy to virtue which is a defect of all states, small and great alike.” (p.51) Tacitus expressed the idea that any state would carelessly disregard the virtues it once held as important, and by implication of the context he wrote in, find itself in a state of degradation similar to Rome’s at the time. He was not exclusively negative in that statement, however. His believed that one highly virtuous person could in fact successfully counteract a state’s decline.
Brutus knew that the loyalty of his fellow Romans swaying towards him was a fickle and ever changing chance. Brutus put everything on the line in the name of the Republic; and in the name of the Republic did he loose everything. Brutus did cause nearly every ounce of pain he endured, but at least he had good intentions. In the end, Brutus does deserve our respect and pity. Brutus is by far the tragic hero of Tragedy of Julius Caesar, and one of the most memorable tragic heroes in literature’s history.
It seemed like Antony agreed to Brutus’s terms, but on the inside he was appalled. But, Antony did have two advantages over Brutus: his deception and his chance to have the last word. In Act III, Scene II, 277-278 & 294-295, Antony talked about Caesar“...Thou are the ruins of the noblest man that ever live in the tide of time ...and promises retribution through his famous rally, ‘Cry havoc and let slip the dogs of war!” and promised him that he shall take revenge from the conspirators: “The question of his death...his glor... ... middle of paper ... ...nes later, that’s all Antony intended to say...only in a way that was quite compelling. And carrying the acting so far, Antony actually stopped to cry in his speech, increasing effectivity of the speech. Perhaps more than any other of Shakespeare's works, Julius Caesar is a play that hinges upon rhetoric through Marc Antony—both as the art of persuasion and an deceit used to conceal goal.
Throughout literature and history itself, the powerful language strategy of rhetoric has been applied to both good and evil. Even the most loyal and honorable of men can be led astray by rhetoric, if used successfully. In Shakespeare’s play The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, the character Cassius, a conniving and jealous man, successfully uses the “dark side” of rhetoric to beguile Brutus, a friend of Julius Caesar, to conspire against Caesar along side of him. Cassius and a group of other men feel if Caesar is to acquire power and rule Rome, it would destroy the Roman Empire. They believe the only way to ensure that does not happen is to murder Caesar.
Though it would be easy to make another person the culprit, Antony always carries the burden of the blame himself and is truly remorseful of his actions. In conclusion, Caesar?s arrogant, calculating, unemotional character is opposed to Antony?s forgiving, generous, responsible one. Though Caesar is a great military leader, his success is achieved through deliberate cold-hearted scheming and manipulation of others while Antony displays true nobility through his incomparably great human qualities. Thus, in our minds, Antony is the greater of the two.
Brutus is a perfect example of a leader who did not follow Machiavelli’s advice, and did not succeed as a leader. For instance, Brutus’s main concern was pleasing the public and doing what was best for Rome. He did this by killing Julius Caesar (3.2.23-28). “If you want to acquire a reputation for generosity, therefore, you have to be ostentatiously lavish; and a prince acting in that fashion will soon squander all his resources, only to be forced in the end if he wants to maintain his reputation…to impose extortionate taxes.” (The Prince 2). Machiavelli stated that to be generous will have damaging effects on the leader.