Nikita Khrushchev rose to power after the death of Stalin. He was a leader who desperately worked for reform yet his reforms hardly ever accomplished their goals. He was a man who praised Stalin while he was alive but when Stalin died Khrushchev was the first to publicly denounce him. Khrushchev came to power in 1953 and stayed in power until 1964, when he was forced to resign. 	Stalin died without naming an heir, and none of his associates had the power to immediately claim supreme leadership.
But, the Hungarians would not completely abandon their nationalist hop... ... middle of paper ... ...e from any opposition, which crippled the country’s economy. The loss of life had profound effects on the aftermaths of the revolutions because it limited any vocal opposition of the Soviet Parties. It was not until the end of Soviet rule that citizens could try to reform the government. The Hungarian Revolution and the Prague Spring were attempted uprisings against the Soviet Union that ultimately ended in defeats. The Hungarians and the Czechs tried to undermine the power of the Soviets when the respective countries were affected with economic downturns and civil oppression.
He specifically told the Soviet leader Brezhnev, that the Czechs have no intention in leaving the Warsaw Pact as the Hungarians did but less censorship, more freedom of speech and a reduction in the secret police. As more and more changes took place there was even talk of allowing another political party to be set up as a rival to the Communists, the Social Democrats Party. In both cases the Soviet response wasn’t a positive one, but different actions were taken. In Hungary Khrushchev was ready to accept some of
After Alexander Dubcek tried to grant reforms to the people of Czechoslovakia in 1968, the USSR and most members of the Warsaw Pact sent their military forces to intervene and suppress any unrest or reforms. Things grew somewhat violent and brutal, as any demonstrators were either or beaten, killed, or arrested. Dubcek himself was removed from power. While many Czech citizens were fed up with their lack of freedom and the failing economy, they had little chance to achieve change. In the mid 1980’s though things began to lighten up when Mikhail Gorbachev became Premier of the USSR and announced his reform programs of Glasnost and Perestroika.
The liberal suggestions of Russia’s poor economic performance, use of military force over economic leverage, and isolation from the international community, along with overlooking state interests’ outside of Russia provide plausible reasons for the USSR’s collapse. Historically, since Joseph Stalin left office the Russian economy had been stagnant for a very long time to which Russia never fully attempted to resolve by focusing government attention to national needs. The satellite states under Soviet control for years had suffered great oppression under communist rule, powered by political corruption and fear, to which this cause and effect scenario never made them any better economically. The national and state interests of Soviet satellite states had greatly differed to that of the Soviet Unions to the point where almost all of separated from Russia by 1991. Furthermore, the collapse of the Soviet Union had been a turning point of the decade in 1991 and historically as it was one of the most important moments in history leading to the end of the Cold War easing global fears of nuclear
Having had their expectations raised by his promises, people became outraged at the shortages. A huge strike was held by a group of coal... ... middle of paper ... ... This last attempt by the Communist Party to save the USSR had failed. A few days later, Gorbachev returned to Moscow. He might have survived the coup, but it had not strengthened his position as Soviet leader.
Although it struggled to win the “war” of world supremacy for several decades, its downfall was not caused its enemies. Rather, the Soviet Union imploded from the very fact that in a modern capitalistic society, its socialist economy simply could not keep up. As its economy began to lag and become outdated, the need for reform and change became self evident. The changes necessary for successful reform, however, required refutation of basic socialist principles. Because of that inevitability, the Soviet Union, armed and able to destroy the world, quietly and peacefully conceded defeat and gave up its dream of a socially just and equal society and began down the difficult road towards a free democratic capitalistic state.
Dubcek initiated the so-called “Prague Spring” by aiming to spread a more humane version of communism. However, the burgeoning era of hope did not last long. On August 21st, 1968 Soviet tanks stampeded Prague, overthrowing Dubcek, and thereby taking control of the city (Wagner, 2008, pg 1). The communist regime, with its stifling conformity and lack of personal freedom tainted Kylián’s upbringing. As Kylián describes, "The only colors I remember from my youth are grey, brown, and black.
While looking at the significant yet short realm of Gorbachev, a question still remains: was Gorbachev's political failure inevitable? The answer to that is yes, as Gorbachev's attempt (and need) to reform the economic structure of the U.S.S.R. ultimately caused the inevitability of his political catastrophe. It is important to note at this stage of the paper that Gorbachev inherited a failing Soviet Union. The economy since the 1960's had stagnated to a point where immediate action was necessary. The United States had overtaken the Soviet Union in economic prowess for a couple decades now and under Reagan, were gaining a considerable gap in economic well-being.
In the late 1900s, the Soviet Union’s economy began to collapse. The collapse of the Soviet Union changed the world’s economic environment greatly. The economy was in bad shape and the war in Afghanistan was making it worse. The cause of the war was that the Soviet-supported Afghan government tried to put out social reforms and land redistribution that threatened the Islamic traditions. The Soviets spent tons of money and had low percentages of success.