A History of the Khmer Rouge [insert introduction here] The Khmer Rouge, also known as the Communist Party of Kampuchea (CPK), was a group led by Pol Pot that dictated Cambodia from 1975 to 1979 (Time). This massacre has roots back to the 1940s, when France had its own colonized countries such as Cambodia and Vietnam. In 1954, Vietnam defeated France at war and won its independence. The new country of Vietnam was divided into two sections: “communist North Vietnam and pro-Western South Vietnam (backed by the US)” (Peace). Soon Vietnam was a battlefield.
In 1970 a coup took place and the previous regime namely the Kingdom of Cambodia headed by Prince Norodom Sihaknouk was overthrown replaced by an American pro-regime called Khmer Republic. In this regime, Cambodia was facing with both social and political issues. The Republican government had to fight with the Khmer Rouge and the Viet Cong. As a result many universities were destroyed and forced to close; however, some universities were still in operation and few other universities were established (Rany, 2012). In 1975 Khmer Rouge took over Cambodia ending the previous Khmer Republic.
Carlos Armas was a military general before the coup and with the CIA orchestrated operation he was made President from July 8th 1954 until his assassination in 1957. Upon his assassination, similar militant minded presidents rose to power and continued to run the country. Due to the nature of military dictatorship, in 1960, social discontent began to give way to left wing militants made up of the Mayan indigenous people and rural peasantry. This is the match that lit Guatemala’s Civil War, street battles between the two groups tore the country and pressured the autocratic ruler General Miguel Ydigoras Fuentes to fight harder against the civilian insurrection. Similar to the government Abductions th... ... middle of paper ... ...y records from August of 1982 connected the General to Operation Sofia.
Khmer Rouge What is genocide? Genocide is when violent crime is done against groups intending to destroy its existence (Genocide). Not many know about the Cambodian genocide, committed by the Khmer Rouge. The Khmer Rouge or also known as the Communist Party of Kampuchea (CPK), took ownership of Cambodia. The CPK established the political party of Democratic Kampuchea in 1976 and administered the country until January 1979.
The Overthrow of the Marcos Government The movement led by Cory against the dictatorial rule resulted in the "People Power Revolution" that overthrew the Marcos government in February 1986. Once in power, Cory ordered all political prisoners freed and built the machinery for democracy. Cory ordered the dismantling of monopolies controlled by the cronies of President Marcos. The economy showed signs of recovery but a series of political struggles and natural calamities that ensued threatened the gains made by her administration. Her presidency survived seven military revolts, typhoons, drought, energy crisis, a major earthquake and a volcanic eruption.
In 1975, South Vietnamese government surrendered the war after the communist forces forced them to surrender. Vietnam unified communism and became a Socialist Republic. Although decades have passed since the occurrence of the Vietnam war, the American culture, which was partly born as a result of this war, is celebrated today. President Johnson faced a lot of hostility from the public and the military, for wanting to escalate the war. Subsequently, he decided that it was time to end the war, and in 1969, Richard Nixon became the new president of the United States.
After his election as president, he unleashed a ferocious air assault on the Vietnamese and extended the ground war into Laos and Cambodia. When the anti-war movement criticized these measures, Nixon did what any Bircher would do: he decried the anti-war movement as a communist conspiracy that was prolonging the war and that deserved to be treated as an internal security threat. The Nixon-Agnew Strategy: Smash the Left, Capture the Center The origin of the myth of spat-upon Vietnam veterans lies in the propaganda campaign of the Nixon-Agnew administration to counter the credibility of the anti-war movement and prolong the war in Southeast Asia. Nixon had won election as peace candidate, but he was also committed to not being the first American president to lose a war. It was a contradictory agenda.
This is when many communist parties started to really form. After eight years of the France’s new protectorate and ninety years after their first, the Cambodians were finally able to win to gain their independence. Once independence was gained, Cambodia changed their name officially to “The Kingdom of Cambodia.” Between 1953 when the French left Cambodia, and 1975 when the Khmer Rouge invaded, King Sihanouk took control over the newly named Kingdom of Cambodia. Soon after the Kingdom of Cambodia though, Sihanouk abdicates (to renounce one's throne)... ... middle of paper ... ...nto farms in order to clear out the capital, Phnom Phen. “The first word from the Khmer Rouge was a lie wrapped around a deep anger and hatred of the kind of society they felt Cambodia was becoming.” The Khmer Rouge started their takeover right away by telling the people of Phnom Penh that the United States were planning another attack on Cambodia, aimed right at the capitol.
Pol Pot wanted to wipe out all traces of the old Cambodia and start a new society, one that was strictly ordered and structured by a series of rules. With the Khmer Rouge becoming even more powerful in the very late 1960s, US bombers interfered to st... ... middle of paper ... ... 30 000 Vietnamese. In December of 1977, the Khmer Rouge broke off diplomatic relations with Vietnam, who retaliated with an attack 30 km into Cambodia in 1978 (Sutherland 1990, p. 158). Upon occupation, the Vietnamese were welcomed at first by the Cambodians as their saviours from the Khmer Rouge extremists (Sutherland 1990, p. 161). During the Khmer Rouge regime, Cambodia was turned into a giant labour camp creating a system of terror, genocide, and attempted cultural annihilation, a series of drastic events that the country is still recovering from.