History Of The Chilean Armed Force

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After the Independence of Chile in 1810, the General Bernardo O’Higgins (leader of the nation), thought that was crucial for Chile’s autonomy to found and develop an influential armed force. Therefore, he created in 1818, the Navy School where students learned about the doctrine of war. He also created the first Navy fleet, the Marine Corps, among other entities. During the next century the Chilean armed forces were integrated by a small number of men, only 2,500 men. However, the War of the Pacific changed these numbers; there were conflicts such as the Peru and Bolivia rivalry, and the Chilean and Argentinian border issue that threatened the sovereignty of Chile. Since then, Chile started to develop their armed forces and established a strong military organization. The Chilean armed forces adopted the Prussian model on how to modernize their armed…show more content…
The Army’s headquarter is in Santiago and it has seven brigades spread along the country; an air brigade is in Rancagua and the Special Forces Command are in Colina. The navy operates its own aircraft and counts with twenty nine vessels. The Air Force has only 5 brigades. The Carabineros are responsible for maintaining the public order and safety, and assure the border security. Finally, the Investigations Police is responsible for the criminal investigations and the immigration control. The Armed Forces are regulated by the Ministry of Defense, funded it also by it and by the National Copper Corporation (obligated by law to donate its 10% of annual gross exports). However, the police force responds and is funded by the Minister of Defense. Both branches receive funds from the Minister of Labor and Social Security and financial aid programs from the United States. These funds are used to buy artillery from the United States, United Kingdom, France, and

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