History Of Programming Languages

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Paradigm Shift in Programming Languages till date -by Rachit Shah (14BCE110) Programming Languages have existed for over a century. Over the years there has been major change in its syntax and its way of operation to suit our needs. Programming languages enable users to write programs for specific computation or algorithms. In the 1940s the first programming languages were assembly languages. But since it was too laborious ( having to learn all memory locations ) and too error-prone, it needed to evolve into something more human-language like. And thus, more modern programming languages were born like FORTRAN (FORmula TRANslator). LISP (LISt Processor), ALGOL (ALGOrithmic Language), and COBOL (COmmon Business Oriented Language) soon followed. They are considered to be the oldest languages still used. They were created for scientific, mathematical and business computing. They are used in credit cards, ATM cards,etc. They are still used in aerospace, automotive industries, government and research institutes like National Weather Service and the US Postal Service. In 1964, Basic (Beginners All-Purpose Symbolic…show more content…
Objects are pieces of data that can be packaged and manipulated by the programmer. Bjarne Stroustroup based on this method developed extensions to C known as “C with Classes.” This set of extensions developed into the full-featured language C++, which was released in 1983. C++ was designed to organize the raw power of C using OOP, but maintain the speed of C and be able to run on many different types of computers. C++ is most often used in simulations, such as games. C++ provides an elegant way to track and manipulate hundreds of instances of people in elevators, or armies filled with different types of soldiers. It is the language of choice in today’s Computer Science courses. It is used in most programs like Adobe, Google Chrome, Firefox, Internet

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